Download the Syllabus copy- click here

KPSC EXAMINATION- Gazetted Probationary Examinations


  • Examination conducted by: Karnataka public services commission
  • Date of Examinations: Varies
  • Attempts:
    • General Category: 5 Attempts
    • OBC: 7 Attempts
    • SC/ST: No limit
  • Age: 
    • General Category: 35 years
    • OBC: 38 years
    • SC/ST/CAT-1: 40 years
    • PH/ widow:  Additional 10 years
    • exMP: Date of retirement + Total number of years in service
  • Education Qualification: Any Recognised Degree
  • Number of post: Varies ( 300-400)
  • How to apply: http://kpsc.kar.nic.in.

Posts: Group A and Group B posts in various departments of Government of Karnataka 



State 1: Prelimimary Examinations- Objective type

Stage 2: Mains written Examinations- Descriptive type

Sate 3: Personality test- Interview type

Preliminary Examinations (Objective Type)

  • Date of examination: Notified by KPSC
  • Number of papers: 2
  • Duration of each paper: 2 hours
  • Each paper shall be of a maximum of 200 marks (100 questions- 2 marks each)
  • Type of examination: Objective type (MCQs)
  • There are four alternatives for the answers to every question.
  • There will be negative marking for incorrect answers. For each wrong question one-fourth (0.25)of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.
  • Language of examination: English and kannada
  • Level of examination: General Mental Ability questions of preliminary examination (aptitude test) shall be that of X / SSLC level and the remaining papers are that ofDegree Level.
  • Reservation:
    • OBC
    • Women (33%)
    • Rural
    • Kannada medium
    • Ex-Military
    • Differtly abled
  • How many will clear Prelims?20times the vacancies notified for recruitment will be selected to write Mains examination
  • Cut off marks: Varies.
  • 2015: GM- 183; GM (women)- 128.50


Sl. no Subject area No of questions Marks
Paper 1
1 General studies related to National and international importance 40 80
2 Humanities

  • Indian Constitution
  • History of India and Karnataka
  • Geography of India and Karnataka
  • Economy
60 120
  Total 100 200
Paper  2
1 General studies related to state importance 40 80
2 General science &Tech, environment & Ecology 30 60
3 General mental ability

  • Comprehension,
  • Logical reasoning and Analytical ability
  • Decision Making
  • problem solving
  • Basic innumeracy
  • Data interpretation
30 60
  Total 100 200

Main Examination

  • It will consist of written examination and an interview test.
  • The written examination will consist of 9 papers of conventional essay typeout of which two papers will be of qualifying in nature.
  • Marks obtained for all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VlI) and Marks obtained in Interview for Personality Test will be counted for ranking.
  • Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion, shall be summoned by them for an interview for a Personality Test
  • The interview will carry 200 marks(with no minimum qualifying marks).
  • Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their ranks in the Examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various services and posts.

The written examination will consist of the following papers :

Qualifying Papers :150Marks each

Paper-A: Kannada

Paper-B: English

Papers No.of





Marks per



Marks per


Paper-I: Essays

Two Essays (in kannada/English)

Essay- 1:Topic of International /NationalImportance

Essay- 2: Topic of State Importance/ Local Importance

Two Essays



125 each







3 Hrs

Paper-II: General Studies 1

  1. History & Cultural Heritage (India and Karnataka)
  2. Social & Political Perspective.
  3. Indian Economy-PlanningRural Development, Data Collection-AnalysisInterpretation.


Three Sections










3 Hrs


Paper-III: General Studies 2

  1. Physical Features and Natural Resources.
  2. Overview of Indian Constitution.
  3. Public Administration & Management,International Relations.


Three Sections











3 Hrs

Paper-IV:  General Studies 3

  1. Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of India, Information Technology in Public Domain.
  2. Advancement and Modern Trends In Natural Science, Life Science, Agriculture, Science, Health and Hygiene
  3. Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment and Ecology.

Three Sections














3 Hrs

Paper-V: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude Three Sections  





3 Hrs

Paper-VI: Optional Subject – Paper 1 250 3 Hrs
Paper-VII: Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 3 Hrs
Total 1750
Personality Test   200
Grand Total     1950

Candidates may choose any one of the optional subject from amongst the list of subjects

Group 1: Optional Subjects

  1. Agriculture, Agriculture Marketing, Sericulture and Cooperation
  2. Animal Husbandry, Veterinary Sciences and Fisheries
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Civil Engineering
  7. Commerce and Accountancy
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Geology
  12. History
  13. Law
  14. Management
  15. Mathematics
  16. Mechanical Engineering
  17. Philosophy
  18. Physics
  19. Political Science and International Relations
  20. Psychology
  21. Public Administration
  22. Sociology
  23. Statistics
  24. Zoology
  25. Rural Development and Co-operation

Group 2: Literature of any one of the following Languages

  1. English
  2. Hindi
  3. Kannada
  4. Urdu

Detailed syllabus of Mains 

PAPER – I Essay (250 Marks/3 Hours)

Two Essays (in Kannada/English Language), 125 marks each

Essay – 1: Topics of International / National Importance,

Essay – 2: Topic of State Importance / Local Importance

PAPER – II General Studies 1 

Section – I : History and Cultural Heritage (India & Karnataka ) – (6 Units)

Unit 1: Cultural Heritage of India (select areas and topics)

(i)  Indus  Civilization  –  Distinction  between  Indus  Civilization  and  Vedic  Civilization–  Evolution  of  Varna, Jathi/caste system – Religious condition – emergence of religious movements.

(ii)  Literature: Sanskrit Literature (Ancient) : Vedic Literature, the epics and the Puranas: their impact on the life and culture of the Indian People; Prose works on polity, ethics (neeti), popular stories and Pancha Tantra (only important works); Mughal contributions to literature.

(iii)  Science  and  Technology:  Mathematics,  Astronomy,  Physics,  Chemistry,  Botany,  Zoology,  Physiology  and Medicine (including Surgery), Ship-building, Mining and Metallurgy, Engineering and Architecture.

(iv)  Arts (Excluding Karnataka): The Maurya and Gupta periods; The Khajuraho temples; Jain temples at Mount Abu  and  the  Odishyan  temples;  Pallava,  Chola  and  Pandyan  contributions.  The  Mughal  architecture; Cathedral  architecture:  Bom  Jesus-Old  Goa,  St.  Paul’s-  Kolkata  and  St.  Thomas-  Chennai.   Painting  : Ajanta  frescoes;  Mughal  and  Rajput  schools  of  painting.  Dance  and  Music:  Classical  music  and  dance; Mughal contributions to music. Folk arts of India.

(v)  India’s  cultural  contributions  to  the  outside  world:  Central  Asia,  China,  Japan,  South-East  Asia  and  Sri Lanka.

(vi)  Religions of India-

(i)  Hindu  Dharma:  General  characteristics  and  some  common  beliefs  –  Purusharthas–  rituals  and ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hindu sects: Hinduism as a federation of various  sects  –  Shaiva,  Vaishnava  and  Shakta.   Philosophy  of  the  Upanishad  and  the  BhagavadGita – Yoga Philosophy of Pathanjali.

(ii)  Jainism: Principles – Ratnatraya, code of morals, Equality (samana), Ahimsa,. Sects: Digambara and Swethambara.

(iii)  Buddhism: Principles – Four noble truths, The Eight – fold path, Nirvana, Moral doctrines. Sects: Hinayana and Mahayana

(iv)  Christianity: Teachings of Jesus Christ. Christian doctrines and theology. Groups in Christianity – The Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern orthodox churches and the Protestants churches. Missionary activities in India

(v)  Islam: Principles and practices – God, Confession of Faith, Five “Pillars of Islam”, sacred places and days, the family system and the shariah, Sufis of Karnataka, Sects: Shia and Sunni.

(vi)  Sikhism: Principles and practices and its Evolution.

Unit 2 : Toward transforming Indian Society : Major schools of thought.

Modern Indian History – from the beginning of 19th Century, Reforms and Reformers,

  1. Eradication of Social and religious wrongs
  2. The Vedas for all – The Casteless society
  3. Ideal of service
  4. Emancipation of the Depressed class
  5. “Two-Nation” theory and Islamic revivalism
  6. Empowerment of the Depressed class through religion and education
  7. Hindutva and Patriotism
  8. The Dravida Movement
  9. Struggle for emancipation of Dalits and their empowerment
  10. Socialist approach and Total Revolution
  11. Gram Swaraj, Satyagraha and Bhoodana

Unit 3 : From Kadambas to the Hoysalas.

(i)  Antiquity  of  Karnataka;  Kannada  language  and  literature;  Extent  of  Kannadanadu;  State  and  District Gazetteers; Museums and Archives in Karnataka; Preservation and protection of historical monuments – work of Archaeological Survey of India – World Heritage Sites in Karnataka.

(ii)  From Kadambas to the Hoysalas : Contributions to Architecture, sculpture, literature and religion.

Unit 4 : The Vijayanagara Empire and thereafter (1336-1799).

(i)  Vijayanagara  Empire:  Origin,  aims  and  aspiration  of  the  Empire  –  Vidyaranya.  Political  history  :  Harihara, Bukka,  Immadi  Devaraya,  Krishnadevaraya  and  Aliya  Ramaraya  –  The  battle  of  Talikote  and  its consequences.  Glory  of  the  capital  –  Administration  –  Society,  economy  and  religion;  Arts:  Painting; Music, Dance, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture; Foreign accounts of Vijayanagara.

(ii)  Religious sects: Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya – Sri Basaveshvara, Veerashaivism and Vachana movement – Haridasa movement – Kalamukha, Shakta and Pashupatha sects.

(iii)  The  Bahman  Shahis  :  Mahamud  Gawan  –  Contributions  of  the  Bahamani  –  Adil  Shahis  of  Bijapur: Contributions to literature and architecture – Sufis in Karnataka.

(iv)  ChikkadevarajaWodeyar – Contributions; The Nayakas of Keladi and Chitradurga; Rani Chennamma&SangolliRayanna of Kittur, The YalahankaNadaprabhu; Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan (1761-1799).

Unit 5 : Modern Mysore (1799-1947).

(i)  Krishna raja Wodeyarlll – his contributions;

(ii)  Armed rebellion in Karnataka against the British in Karnataka

(iii)  Commissioner’s Rule (1831-1881)

(iv)  Nizam’s rule in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(v)  Progress of Mysore under the Dewans.

Unit 6 : Freedom Movement in Karnataka and Unification (1885-1956).

(i)  Rise of Nationalism; Pre-Gandhian era (1885-1920); Gandhian era (1920-1948).

(ii)  Freedom movement in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(iii)  Important personalities in Freedom Struggle.

(iv)  Unification of Karnataka; Causes for the rise of unification movement – AlurVenkatrao – Role of literacy, cultural associations and print media – Three stages in the unification of Karnataka (1947-1956).

(v)  Social and Cultural developments: Spread of education by missionary and voluntary bodies – printing and the press – Literary and Scholarly studies – New literary genres in kannada literature – Backward Class movement – Miller Committee Report, Folk arts of Karnataka.

Section II – Social and Political Perspective – ( 7 units )

  1. Post Independent  Karnataka –  Towards  Political  Consolidation  –  Attempts  of  Successive  Governments  – Backward Classes and Social Justice – Reports of : Havnur Committee – Venkataswamy Committee – Chinnappa Reddy Committee – Recent Trends – Dalit Movement – DevarajaUrs and Land Reforms. Language Issue: Gokak Movement  –  Issues  and  Perspectives.   Inter-State  Disputes  –  Boundary  Disputes  –  Mahajan  Committee  Report and its impact – Water Disputes – Farmer’s Movement, Regional Imbalance &Nanjundappa committee Report.
  2. Social Change  and  Movements –Social  structure  and  social  change,  Theories  of  Social  Change,  Social Disorganisation and Social movements, directed social change, social policy and social development.
  3. Social Change  and  Modernisation  – Problems  of  role  conflict  –  intergenerational  gap,  youth  unrest  & commercialization of education, emergence of India as Educational Force – changing status of women and social movements,  industrialization  and  urbanization,  role  of  pressure  groups,  Sanskritisation,  westernisation  and modernization  –  Modernism  versus  traditionalism.  Current  social  evils  –  fundamentalism  and  terrorism, Naxalism, Nepotism, corruption, and black money.
  4. Government and  Political  System –  Legislature,  Executive  and  Judiciary,  functioning  of  democratic  political system in a traditional society, political party and their social composition.
  5. Decentralisation of  power  –  Decentralisation  of  power  and  political  participation.  Union  Government, Parliament, Cabinet, Supreme court, Judicial review, Center-State relations, State government, role of Governor, Panchayathi  raj,  class  and  caste  in  Indian  politics,  politics  of  regionalism,  linguism,  and  communalism. Problems of secularisation policy and national integration, Political participation & voting, vote bank politics.
  6. Socio Economic System – The  Jajmani  system  and  its  bearing  on  traditional  society. Market  Economy and  its social consequences, Occupational diversification and social structure, Profession and professionalisation, role of trade  unions,  social  determinants  and  consequence  of  economical  development,  economic  inequalities, exploitation and corruption, Globalisation and its social impact.
  7. Rural Social  system  and  Rural  Development –  Socio  cultural  dimensions  of  village  community,  traditional power  structure,  democratization  and  leadership,  poverty,  indebtedness,  bonded  labour,  social  consequences  of land  reforms,  Rural  development  projects,  green  revolution,  new  strategies  of  rural  development,  the  changing rural scene.

Section III – Indian Economy – Planning- Rural Development (8 units)

  1. Indian Economy  –  Post  independence  growth  –  experience  of  agriculture,  industry  and  tertiary  sectors,  growth and distributive  justice. Poverty  and  inequality, Growth of  Karnataka  Economy during  the plan era,  growth  and sectoral changes and linkages in the State Economy.
  2. India and International economic relations– Growth and trade – volume, composition and direction of exports and imports,  domestic  and  foreign  capital  in  economic  development,  changes  in   India’s  foreign  trade  policy, balance of payments and foreign exchange. Karnataka’s exports – volume, composition, and direction.
  3. Development patterns and  disparities  among  regions  and  between  rural  and  urban  areas,  public  policies  to mitigate  disparities,  prospects  and  problems  of  Special  economic  zones.  Development  disparities  in  Karnataka and public policies, Redressel of development disparities. Regional development boards.
  4. Planning – Planning goals, objectives and approaches, achievements and failures of five year plans (I to VII Five year plans). Development plans under the new economic policies regime (VIII Five year plan onwards). Planning in Karnataka.
  5. Decentralization –  pros  and  cons  of  top-down  planning  and  bottom-up  planning,  planning  mechanism  and experience in Panchayathi raj institutions, planning and capacity building, planning and financing. Decentralized planning  in  Karnataka,  Resource  mobilization  and  devolution.  District  Planning  Committee,  State  finances  and local finances. State finance commission.
  6. Rural Development –  Importance  of  agriculture  in  the  national  economy,  Gandhian  approach  to  rural development and land reforms, size of farms and productivity, problems of irrigation and dry land farming, food security, rural credit, agricultural marketing, agricultural labour, rural industries and employment. Agricultural problems in Karnataka, Rural Economic infrastructure (Energy, Irrigation, Transport, Communication, Markets), Rural  Social  Infrastructure  –  Housing,  Drinking  water,  Sanitation  &  Drainage,  Rural  Health  systems  and  their delivery. Development of Economic and Social infrastructure in Karnataka, Rural markets in Karnataka. Rural housing and health care schemes in Karnataka.
  7. Rural Development  Initiatives –  Poverty  Alleviation-cum-Employment  generation  Programmes,  Five  Year  Plan and  inclusive  growth,  rural  financial  institutions,  Development  and  conservation  of  common  property  resources in rural areas – village grasslands and woods, water bodies, Provision of urban amenities in rural areas (PURA). Rural Development schemes in Karnataka, self help groups and micro finance institutions in Karnataka, External assistance for rural tank rejuvenation, drinking water, sanitation and health care in Karnataka.
  8. Data Collection Analysis- Interpretation- Collection, Interpretat ion  and  Appreciation   of  Statistical  Data- Study  of  Graphs  and  Charts:–  Bar  Graphs,  Line  Graphs  and  Pie  Charts-   Problems  Based  on  Tabular  and  Diagrammatical Data- Data Sufficiency in Statistics- Problems Based on Probability- Permutations and Combinations-Quantitative  Aptitude – Number  Sequences,  Series,  Averages,  Number  Systems,  Ratio  and Proportion, Profit and Loss, Percentages,  Time  and  work,  Speed-Time-Distance,  Simple  Interest,  Analytical and Critical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension

PAPER – III General Studies 2

Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources


  1. Lithosphere-Place of  Earth  in  the  Solar  System,  Rocks,  Earthquakes,  Volcanoes,  Plate  tectonics,  Agents  of Erosion.   Atmosphere –  Structure  and  Composition  –Elements  of  Climate  and  weather  –  Broad  Climatic types. Hydrosphere – World Oceans Salinity – Ocean currents and Tides – Ocean Deposits.
  2. Physiography of  Continents  and  Demographic  distribution   –  Mountains,  Rivers,  Forests,  Grass  lands, Deserts,  Human  Races,  Population  Change,  distribution  and  demographic  transition,  density,  sex  ratio, quality of life, life expectancy, literacy, standard of living and migration.


  1. Physiography of  India –  Climate,  Rivers,  Soil,  Natural  vegetation.  Mineral  Resources:  Iron  ore  and Manganese  –  Copper  and  Bauxite  Coal,  Petroleum  and  Natural  Gas,  Nuclear  Deposits.  Major  crops- Distribution  and  production  of  cereals,  millets,  oilseeds,  plantation  crops,  commercial  crops.   Indian Demography  –  Growth,  Composition,  Distribution,  Density,  Human  Development  Index.  Demographic Database.
  2. Industrial Planning  and   Development  :  Growth  and  Distribution  of  Major,  Medium,  Small  and  Tiny Industries  –  Industrial  regions  of  India.  Industrial  infrastructure  –  Railways,  Roads,  and  Ports.  Backward regions and rural industrialisaton. Regional Planning and Development -Tribal and hill areas, drought prone areas, command areas and river basins. Classification of Towns and Cities. Urban Structure.


  1. Physiographic divisions –  Climate,  Rivers,  rainfall  distribution,  Natural  vegetation  and  Soil.   Agriculture and Agro climatic regions, Major crops, Plantation and commercial crops of Karnataka. Mineral Resources of Karnataka. Sources of Power (Hydro, Thermal, Solar, Nuclear and Wind). Major, Medium and Small Scale industries,  Agro  based  Industries.  Transportation  and  Communication  Systems  in  Karnataka.  Geographic information system .
  2. Urban Land use Policy and Urbanisation- Demographic features Literacy and Urbanisation. Population Problems and  policies,  Literacy,  City  classification  and  urban  spheres  of  influence,  rural  urban  fringe, problems  of  urban  growth.  Land  use,  Town  planning,  slums  and  urban  housing.  Intra  and  Inter  regional trade and the role of rural Market centers



Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution (7 units)

  1. Nature of the Constitution-Constitutional developments, , salient features of Constitution: Preamble, Directive Principles of State Policy, Indian federation, etc.,
  2. Fundamental rights –  Right  to  Equality,  Right  to  Freedom,  Right  against  exploitation,  Right  to  freedom  of religion,  Cultural  and  Educational  rights,  Right  to  Constitutional  remedies.   Reasonable  restrictions  –  Provision for  schedule  caste,  schedule  tribe  and  minorities,  Reservations  for  SC/ST  and  OBC’s,  preventions  of  SC/ST Atrocities Act, National and State SC/ST Commission
  3. Distribution of  Legislative  powers  –  Between  the  Union  and  the  State,  Administrative  and  Financial  relations between  the  union  and  the  states,  Powers  and  functions  of  constitutional  bodies.  Powers  and  Functions  – Governor, Council of Ministers and Cabinet, Judicial remedies.
  4. Unicameral and Bicameral legislations– Functions and crisis of accountability, delegated legislation, Legislative procedure and  committees  of  legislature,  legislative  and  judicial  control  over  the  delegated  legislation,  judicial review of administrative action. Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Attorney General of India.
  5. Important Amendments  of  the  Constitution  – Basic  structure  theory,  Emergency  provisions  and decentralization, Panchayathi raj, Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth amendments etc.,
  6. Welfare mechanism  in  India –  Directive  principles  of  State  policy  and  their  relationships,  Right  to  property, Election  Commission,  Public  Service  Commissions,  Women’s  commission,  National  and  State  Minorities commission, Backward Commission, Human Rights Commission, Information Commission, Finance Commission, Planning Commission, National Development Council.
  7. Services under the Union and State – Constitutional provisions relating to Government and public servants.

Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations ( 7 Units)

  1. Private and  Public  Administration  –  its  role  in  society,  Public  Administration  as  an  art  and  a  science,  New Public  Administration  and  New  Public  Management.  Responsive  Administration.   Difference  between administration and management. Difference between public and private administration.
  2. Structure of  Organisation –  Personnel,  Financial,  Administrative  Law,  Maintenance  of  Law  and  Order, Administration for Welfare. Issues of Areas in Indian Administration. Development Administration.
  3. Organisational Behaviour and Management Concepts; Organisation structure, systems, Processes, Strategies, Policies and  Objectives,  Decision  making,  Communication,  Centralisation,  Decentralisation,  Delegation  of authority, Responsibility, Control.
  4. Formal and informal Organisation,– Functional management: Finance, HR, Marketing, Production, Leadership and Motivation.
  5. Management Tools  and  Techniques:  Decision  making  under  uncertainty,  PERT  &  CPM,  PIME,  POSD-CORB, SWOT  Analysis,  Performance  Standards  and  appraisal,  PDCA  Cycle,  Personnel  Policies,  Manpower  –  Policy  and Planning,  Training  and  Development,  Conflict  Management,  Management  of  change  and  development.  Team Building,  quality  tools  (Brain  Storming,  nominal  group  technique,  pareto  chart,  fishbone  diagram  and  process chart).
  6. Administrative Reforms,  Ethics  and  Values  in  Public  Service,  Public  Relations,  Good  Governance, Accountability  and  control,  Program  monitoring  and  evaluation,  Lokpal  and  Lokayukta,  Redressel  of  Citizens grievances,  District  Administration  and  Panchayathi  Raj  System,  Law  and  Order  and  Development  Functions, Development  Programmes.   Welfare  Programmes  for  SC/ST  and  women.  People’s  participation.   Administrative Reforms Commissions – Central and State.
  7. United Nations  and  Specialised  Agencies,  Other  International  Organisations  and  Agencies  –  Origin  and development of UNO – Role in International Relations, General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council,  Trusteeship  Council,  International  Court  of  Justice,  UN  and  Peace  Keeping  Operations,  UN  and Disarmaments, Future of UN. Special Agencies like WHO, ILO, FAO etc., International Organisations like IMF, World  Bank,  ADB,   WTO,  EU,  ASEAN,  SAARC,  AU,  NATO,  NAM,  OPEC,  G-8,  IAEA,  etc.,  Role  of  Developing countries in International Relations, India and her Neighbours. Etc.,

PAPER – IV General Studies 3

Section-I, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of Indian, Information Technology In Public Domain

  1. Basics of Science and Technology.

Classical and emerging areas of science and Technology (S&T)- Value Addition by Science & Technology- Current Science  &  Technology  developments  in  India  and  Importance  of  Science  &  Technology  as  an  engine  for  national development-  Industrial  development  &  Urbanization-   National  policy  of  Science  &  Technology  ;  changes  in  policy  from time  to  time  ;  Technology  missions-  ICT:  Basics  Computers,  Communication,  Telephone  and  Television-  Broadband, Internet,  &  Web-IT  industries,  BPO,  economic  &  employment  growth-  E-governance,  E-commerce  &    E-learning-   IT& Rural applications, Digital divide & its prevention- Computers in Mass Media.

2.SPACE Science and Technology

  • A brief history of global space programmes, and current space programmes.
  • Space programme in India- INSAT, IRS systems, EDUSAT, and Chandrayana-1, Etc., and future programme.
  • Application of  Space  technology  in  India  with  special  references  to  Educational,  Agricultural  and  Other  Rural Developmental Activities.
  1. Energy Resources
  • Indian Energy scenario- Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear, & Renewable; their potential, harnessing & options.
  • Importance of renewable resources- Solar, Wind, Small/ Mini/ Micro Hydel, Biomass, Waste based, Geothermal, Tidal, Hydrogen& Fuel cells.
  • Enabling legislations, financial and procedural incentives, and business opportunities for investors.
  1. Disasters, Pests and Pollution
  • Climatic Change – floods, cyclone, tsunami, natural and manmade disasters and disaster management.
  • Crop science in India, Fertilizers, Control of Pests and Crop Diseases.
  • Safe Drinking water & supply.
  • Sanitation and Waste disposal
  • Urbanization, Industrialization, and Pollution control.
  1. Related Perceptions
  • Universalizing Science and Technology literacy;
  • Technology with a Human Face
  • Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Contribution to Growth of GDP
  • Facing Global competition
  • Preservation & promotion of culture and indigenous knowledge
  1. Knowledge Society
  • Human capital, its power, imparting education, Skill, & Values.
  • Role of Knowledge for Economic growth, Social development, Cultural enrichment & political empowerment.
  • Achieving goals around Knowledge: Eradication of poverty; Universal primary education; Gender equality.
  1. Rural Upliftment and Science & Technology
  • Advance Infrastructure in Rural Areas, Establishing Physical, Electronic, Knowledge, & Economic Connectivity.
  • Regional Language: Usage in ICT
  • Horticulture: Hybrid  seed  production  with  R&D;  Set  up  Fruit  and  vegetable  processing  plants,  packaging  & Marketing.
  • Agro Food  Processing:  Forming  village  clusters  and  establishing  Food  Storage,  Food  Processing,  and  Food
  • Packaging & Marketing.
  • Bio-fuel cultivation and extraction
  • Scientific Water harvesting.

Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Agricultural Science, Health and Hygiene -(7 Units)

  1. Natural Science
  • Plants –  crop  plants,  forest  species,  medicinal  and  aromatic  plants,  usefulness  of  plants  and  human  affairs (utility), photosynthesis, transpiration, harmful plants. Common classification of animals – domestic and wild animals. Usefulness of animals and human affairs (utility).
  • Microorganisms: Common bacteria, virus, fungi and their beneficial and harmful effect on mankind.
  1. Agriculture Science
  • Agriculture scenario  and  importance  of  agriculture  in  the  national  and  state     Crop  production  and protection.  Chemical  Fertilizers  and  Vermi  compost.  Cost  benefit  and  investment  analysis  of  agricultural  enterprises.
  • Programmes for  production  and  productivity  enhancement  –  green,  white,  yellow,  blue    Recent  trends  in organic farming and farm mechanization. Farming systems and sustainability. Agro-processing and agro-based industries.
  • Post-harvest technology and value addition. Management of land and water resources.
  1. Horticulture and Sericulture
  • Importance of  Horticulture-floriculture,  vegetables,  fruits,  plantation  crops,  spices,  aromatic  and  medicinal plants.  Hi-  tech  horticulture  (green  /  poly  house  cultivation).  Post-harvest  management  and  value
  • Special promotional programmes for horticulture development.
  • Sericulture: Importance  of  sericulture  in  India  and  Karnataka,  distribution  of  mulberry  and  non-mulberry  sericulture (area, production and productivity across states), cocoon production.
  1. Initiatives in Biotechnology
  • Concept of biotechnology, introduction and application of genetic engineering and stem cells research. Molecular breeding and marker assisted selection. Transgenic plants (genetically modified) and their beneficial and harmful effects on environment and    Biotechnology  in  agriculture  (bio-fertilizers,  bio-pesticides,  bio-fuels,  tissue  culture,  cloning).
  • Food bio-technology, food safety and microbial standards, food quality standards, food laws and regulations.
  1. Animal Husbandry (veterinary, dairy and fishery sciences)
  • Importance of livestock in the national and state economy. Important exotic and Indian breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, swine and poultry.
  • Milk production management and  dairy    Milk  Cooperative  Unions and  their  role  in  rural economy- AMUL, KMF.
  • Fisheries resources  in  India-Marine  fisheries  resources  and  potential,  exclusive  economic  zone  of  India,  coastal aquaculture  and  Mari    Inland  water  resources,  commercially  important  fishes,  responsible  fishing.  Ornamental fish production. Value addition of livestock products and quality control.
  1. Agriculture development policies, programmes and trade
  • Salient Features  of  National  and  Karnataka  state  agricultural  policies,  Agriculture  Price  Policy,  National  Seed Policy,  Agricultural  Credit  Policy,  National  Agricultural  Research  System  (NARS).
  • Farmers welfare  programmes  in  India, Farm  women  development  programmes,  Agriculture  under  Five  Year  Plans,  Development  /  strengthening  of  agricultural marketing  infrastructure-Grading  and  Standardization,  Crop  Insurance  Scheme-National  Agricultural  Insurance  Scheme (NAIS),  Weather  Based  Crop  Insurance  Scheme  (WBCIS),  Food  Security,  National  Watershed  Development  Programme, Export  potential  of  agriculture-horticulture-livestock
  • Commercialization and  globalization  of  agriculture-  WTO, AoA (Agreement on Agriculture).
  1. Health and Hygiene
  • Human – Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and reproductive systems. Allopathic, Indian System of Medicine, Naturopathy  and  Yoga  (AYUSH),  NRHM,  National  HIV  Programme,  Tuberculosis  programme,  P  and  SM (Preventive  and  Social Medicine),  Diseases  – Communicable diseases, epidemic diseases, endemic  diseases,  vector borne diseases.
  • Basic knowledge  of  infections  caused  by  different  groups  of  microorganisms  –  Gastroenteritis,  cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections, HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu, dengue, preventive measures during out breaks.
  • Vaccines, introduction  to  immunity,  production  of  DPT  and  rabies  vaccine  and  hepatitis
  • Application of immunological methods in diagnosis. Health awareness Programme, Etc.,

Section – III Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment & Ecology (6 units)

  1. Environmental Segments:  
  • Promotion and  protection  –forest  conservation  and
  • Protection of Wild Life, Project Tiger, National parks and Sanctuaries, Impact of mining on forest and environment. Red Data Book: Endangered species, Eco Tourism and any other related current issues.
  1. Natural Resources: 

Forest  –  Types  and  conservation  of  forest  and  forest  resources. Water  resources-flood  and drought  occurrences,  water  resource  management,  Land  resources. Rain  water  harvesting,  Infrastructure development – Dams, Roads, Rails, Bridges, Industry,urbanization and waste water management, acquisition and rehabilitation and other issues due to human interventions and any other related current issues.

  1. Eco System and Biodiversity

Ecology – Basic concepts of ecology, Eco System, Food Chain, Biodiversity and its conservation, Hot  spots  of  Biodiversity,  threats  to  diversity,  forest  sustainable  development  and  management, any other related current issues, IPR.

  1. Environment Pollution  and  Solid  Waste  Management:

Air  Pollution,  Water  pollution,  Soil  Pollution,  Noise Pollution and remedies. Solid waste Management- Types of Solid waste management, factors affecting the solid waste  generation,    Impact of  solid  waste,   Recycling  and  reuse. Any  other  related Current  issues.  Environment protection  Act,  Air  (prevention  and  control  of  pollution),  water  (prevention  and  control  of  pollution),  water pollution Cess Act.

  1. Role of  Information  Technology  in  Environment  and  Human  Health:

Global  Environmental  issues  like  Climate change,  acid  rains,  global  warming,  wasteland  reclamation,  watershed  management,  watershed  approach  for sustainable development, linking of rivers, water crisis. Any other related current issues.

  1. State community-civil society  interface,  Joint  forest  management  system:

community  participation, Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation. Disaster Management, Sustainable Forest Development. Flood, earthquake, drought, tsunami, Global warming – Ozone layer, CFC, carbon credit.

PAPER – V General Studies 4

Section-I: Ethics

  • Essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Ethics in public administration, status and problems, ethical dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as source of ethical guidance;
  • Accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance;
  • Concept  of  public  service,  philosophical  basis  of  governance,  information  sharing  and  transparency  in government,  Right  to  Information,  codes  of  ethics,  codes  of  conduct,  citizen  charters,  work  culture,  quality  of  service delivery, utilization of public fund, challenges of corruption.
  • Human  values-  lessons  from  the  lives  and  teachings  of  great  leaders,  reformers,  administrators,  Role  of  family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Section-II: Integrity

  • Integrity, impartiality and non- partisanship, objectivity,  dedication  to  public service, empathy, tolerance  and compassion towards the weaker sections,

Section-III: Aptitude

  • Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, Content,structure,  function,  its  relation  with  thoughts  and behaviour, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion,  Aptitude  and  foundational  values  for  civil  service,  emotional  intelligence  and  their  utilities  and  application  in administration and governance, contributions of moral thinkers from India and the world.

Case studies of above issues.

Personality Test:

  • The candidate will be interviewed by a board who will have before them a record of his or her career except marks secured in their main examination.
  • He/  she  will  be  asked  questions  on  matters  of  general  interest. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public services by a board of competent and unbiased observers.
  • The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his/her intellectual qualities but also social traits and his/her interest in current affairs.
  • Some  of  the  qualities  to  be  judged  are  mental  alertness,  critical  powers  of  assimilations,  clear  and  logical  exposition, balance  of  judgement,  variety  and  depth  of  interest,  ability  for  social  cohesion  and  leadership,  intellectual  and  moral integrity.
  • The  technique  of  the  interview  is  not  that  of  a  strict  cross  examination  but  of  a  natural,  though  directed  and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.
  • The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialized or general knowledge of the candidate which has been already tested through written papers.
  • Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events, which are happening around them both within or outside their own state or country as well as in modern current of thoughts and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.
  • The Commission shall call for a personality test, as far as may be, three times the number of candidates as there are vacancies in the Group-A and Group-B services.
  • The candidates are invited for personality test in the order of merit on the basis of the results of the Main Examination ensuring the reservations for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled  Tribes  and  Other  Backward  Classes  in  the  same  ratio  of  vacancies  reserved  for  them.
  • Personality Test shallcarry a maximum of 200 marks.