ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ARTICLE 371J
Salient features of Hyderabad Karnataka Region
- Hyderabad-Karnataka region is located in the north-eastern part of the State.
- The region, encompassed by the Kannada speaking people, was earlier ruled by the Nizams of Hyderabad until 1948.
- After merging with the Indian Union, the region was a part of the then Hyderabad State until 1956.
- The Hyderabad-Karnataka region comprises of Bidar, Yadgir, Raichur,Koppala, Ballary and Kalaburagi districts.
Some important information regarding the region:
- The Hyderabad-Karnataka region is the second largest arid region in India.
- HK region account for 23% of state geographical area
- Uncultivated area of the region is 23% of state uncultivated area
- Decadal population growth of the region is 17.73% whereas state growth rate is 15.60%
- HKRDB region is having 18% of the State population
- 24% of State SC population is residing in the region
- 34% of State ST population is residing in the region
- Literacy rate of the region is 64.45% whereas State literacy is 75.36%
- Dropout rate in the HKRDB region is 5.77 where as the State Dropout rate is 2.96
- Child Mortality Rate of the region is 59 where as State Child Mortality rate is 41
- Infant Mortality Rate of the region is 51 where as State Infant Mortality Rate is 35
- Net District domestic product of HKRDB region is Rs. 44832 per capita whereas the State average is Rs. 68053 per capita
What was the reason behind constituting Nanjundappa committee?
- The State had constituted a high power committee under Prof. Nanjundappa to study regional imbalances in the State and to recommend strategies to address them.
- The committee identified 35 indicators to measure the extent of development in various sectors and had built a Comprehensive Composite Development Index (CCDI) and Composite Deprivation Index (CDI).
- On the basis of CDI all taluks are categorised as most backward, more backward, backward and relatively developed taluks.
- 21 taluks of HK region are categorized as most backward, 5 taluks as more backward and 2 taluks as backward.
What is Article 371J?
- This article of the constitution of India provides for Special Status for Hyderabad-Karnataka Region.
- This is was introduced in the 118th constitutional amendment to the constitution.
- Article 371J will grant special status to six backward districts of Hyderabad Karnataka region to:
- Establish a separate Development Board
- The Board ensures sufficient funds are allocated for Development of the region.
- Local reservation in education and Government-jobs (Domicile requirement)
According to Article 371J
The Hon’ble President may, by order, made with respect to the State of Karnataka, provide for any special responsibility of the Hon’ble Governor for –
- Establishment of a separate development board for Hyderabad Karnataka Region with the provision that a report on the working of the board will be placed each year before the state Legislative Assembly;
- Equitable allocation of funds for developmental expenditure over the said region, subject to the requirements of the State as a whole;
- Equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to the said region, in matters of public employment, education and vocational training, subject to the requirements of the State as a whole. For this purpose
- Reservation of a proportion of seats in educational and vocational training institutions in the Hyderabad-Karnataka region for students who belong to that region by birth or by domicile
- Identification of posts or classes of posts under the State Government and in any body or organisation under the control of the State Government in the Hyderabad Karnataka Region and reservation of a proportion of such posts for persons who belong to that region by birth or by domicile and for appointment there to by direct recruitment or by promotion or in any other manner as may be specified in the order.
The following measures have already been taken:
- Hyderabad Karnataka Region Development Board was formed on 06/11/2013. It was constituted with 28 members on the 23rd January 2014. Sri Qamrul Islam honourable Minister of Municipal Administration, Haj & Walkf and Minorities Welfare has been nominated as the Chairman of the Board.
- The Karnataka Public Employment (Reservation in Appointment for Hyderabad- Karnataka Region)Order, 2013 – Provides for creation of a local cadre and reservation in the Hyderabad- Karnataka Region as under, besides reservation of 8% of the posts in the State level offices or institutions or apex institutions
- The Karnataka Private Un-aided Educational institutions (Regulations of Admission in the Hyderabad-Karnataka Region) Order, 2013- Provides for reservation of 70% of the available seats in every course of study in any regional university or educational institution, besides 8% of the available seats in every course of study provided in a State wide University or a state wide educational institution.
- The Karnataka Educational Instituions (Regulations of Admission in the Hyderabad – Karnataka Region) Order, 2013 – provides for reservation of 70% of available seats.
- To address the issue of backwardness in the State, Government has been implementing a Special Development Programme (SDP) since 2007-08. 40% of budget of SDP is earmarked for Hyderabad- Karnataka region.
Issues and Challenges
- Despite the interventions to develop the HK region on par with the relatively developed regions, vital indicators relating to human development, in particular, of the region depicts that the gaps in the indices still persists.
- This indicates that the barriers to development are still strong enough to retard the development processes. In this context, intensive efforts are required to bridge the development gap and attain equitable distribution of gains from development across regions and people in the state. Therefore to plug the backwardness of the Hyderabad-Karnataka region, State has made a conscious effort by substantially increasing the allocations provided to the HKRDB during 2014-15.
- The focus, however, needs to be on education, health and nutrition and skill development along with development of farm and non-farm activities. Therefore, formulation and effective implementation of development programmes tailored to the needs of the region are required to meet the challenges of this region.