Article 371J

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ARTICLE   371J

Salient features of  Hyderabad Karnataka Region10-h-kregion

  • Hyderabad-Karnataka  region  is  located  in the  north-eastern  part  of  the  State.
  • The region,  encompassed  by  the  Kannada speaking  people,  was  earlier  ruled  by  the Nizams  of  Hyderabad  until  1948.
  • After merging with the  Indian  Union, the  region was  a  part  of  the  then  Hyderabad  State  until 1956.
  • The  Hyderabad-Karnataka  region comprises  of  Bidar,  Yadgir,  Raichur,Koppala,  Ballary  and  Kalaburagi  districts.

Some important information regarding the region:

  • The  Hyderabad-Karnataka  region  is  the second  largest  arid  region  in  India.
  • HK  region  account  for  23%  of  state geographical  area
  • Uncultivated area of the region is 23% of  state  uncultivated  area
  • Decadal  population  growth  of  the region is 17.73% whereas state growth rate  is  15.60%
  • HKRDB  region  is  having  18%  of  the State  population
  • 24% of State SC population is residing in  the  region
  • 34% of State ST population is residing in  the  region
  • Literacy  rate  of  the  region  is  64.45% whereas  State  literacy  is  75.36%
  • Dropout  rate  in  the  HKRDB  region  is 5.77  where as  the  State  Dropout rate  is 2.96
  • Child Mortality Rate of the region is 59 where  as  State  Child  Mortality  rate is  41
  • Infant  Mortality  Rate  of  the  region  is 51  where as  State  Infant  Mortality Rate is  35
  • Net  District  domestic  product  of HKRDB region is Rs. 44832 per capita whereas the  State average  is  Rs. 68053 per  capita

What was the reason behind constituting Nanjundappa committee?

  • The  State  had  constituted  a  high  power committee  under  Prof.  Nanjundappa  to study regional imbalances in the State and to  recommend  strategies  to  address  them.
  • The  committee  identified  35  indicators  to measure  the  extent  of  development  in various sectors  and had built a Comprehensive  Composite  Development Index  (CCDI)  and  Composite  Deprivation Index (CDI).
  • On the basis of CDI all taluks are  categorised  as  most  backward,  more backward, backward and relatively developed  taluks.
  • 21  taluks  of  HK  region  are categorized as most backward, 5 taluks as more  backward  and  2  taluks  as  backward.

What is Article  371J?

  • This article of the constitution of India provides for Special  Status  for Hyderabad-Karnataka  Region.
  • This is was introduced in the 118th constitutional amendment to the constitution.
  • Article 371J  will  grant  special  status  to  six backward districts of Hyderabad Karnataka  region  to:
    • Establish  a  separate  Development Board
    • The Board ensures sufficient funds are allocated  for  Development  of  the  region.
    • Local  reservation  in  education  and Government-jobs (Domicile requirement)

According to Article  371J

The  Hon’ble  President  may,  by  order, made  with  respect  to  the  State  of Karnataka,  provide  for  any  special responsibility  of  the  Hon’ble  Governor for  –

  • Establishment of a separate development  board  for  Hyderabad Karnataka Region with the provision  that  a  report  on  the working of the board will be placed each year before the state Legislative  Assembly;
  • Equitable  allocation  of  funds  for developmental expenditure over the said region, subject to the requirements  of  the  State  as  a whole;
  • Equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to the said region, in  matters of public employment, education and vocational  training,  subject  to  the requirements  of  the  State  as  a whole. For this purpose
  • Reservation of a proportion of seats in educational and vocational training institutions in the Hyderabad-Karnataka  region  for students who belong to  that  region by  birth  or  by  domicile
  • Identification  of  posts  or  classes  of posts  under  the  State  Government and  in  any  body  or  organisation under  the  control  of  the  State Government  in  the  Hyderabad Karnataka  Region  and  reservation of  a  proportion  of  such  posts  for persons  who  belong  to  that  region by  birth  or  by  domicile  and  for appointment  there  to  by  direct recruitment  or  by  promotion  or  in any  other  manner  as  may  be specified  in  the  order.

The following measures have already been taken:

  • Hyderabad  Karnataka Region Development Board was formed  on 06/11/2013. It was  constituted  with  28 members  on  the  23rd  January  2014.  Sri Qamrul  Islam  honourable  Minister  of Municipal Administration,  Haj & Walkf and Minorities Welfare has been  nominated as the  Chairman  of  the  Board.
  • The Karnataka Public Employment (Reservation  in  Appointment  for Hyderabad-  Karnataka  Region)Order, 2013 – Provides for  creation of  a  local  cadre  and  reservation  in the  Hyderabad-  Karnataka  Region as under, besides reservation of 8% of the  posts in  the  State level  offices or  institutions  or  apex  institutions
  • The  Karnataka  Private  Un-aided Educational institutions (Regulations  of  Admission  in  the Hyderabad-Karnataka Region) Order, 2013- Provides for reservation  of  70%  of  the  available seats  in  every  course  of  study  in  any regional  university  or  educational institution, besides  8%  of   the available  seats  in  every  course  of study  provided  in  a  State  wide University or a state wide educational  institution.
  • The Karnataka Educational Instituions (Regulations of Admission  in  the  Hyderabad  – Karnataka  Region)  Order,  2013  – provides  for  reservation  of  70%  of available  seats.
  • To  address  the  issue  of  backwardness  in  the State, Government has been implementing a  Special  Development  Programme  (SDP) since  2007-08.    40%  of  budget  of  SDP  is earmarked  for   Hyderabad- Karnataka region.

Issues  and  Challenges

  • Despite the  interventions  to  develop the  HK region on par with the relatively developed regions,  vital  indicators  relating  to  human development,  in  particular,  of  the  region depicts  that  the  gaps  in  the  indices  still persists.
  • This indicates that the barriers to development  are  still  strong  enough  to retard  the  development  processes.  In  this  context,  intensive  efforts  are required  to  bridge  the  development  gap  and attain  equitable  distribution  of  gains  from development  across  regions  and  people  in the state. Therefore to plug the backwardness  of  the  Hyderabad-Karnataka region,  State  has  made  a  conscious  effort  by substantially  increasing  the  allocations provided  to  the  HKRDB  during  2014-15.
  • The  focus,  however,  needs  to  be  on education,  health  and  nutrition  and  skill development  along  with  development  of farm  and  non-farm  activities.  Therefore, formulation  and  effective  implementation  of development  programmes  tailored  to  the needs of  the  region  are  required  to  meet the challenges  of  this  region.
  • vijayanand

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