Chinkaras

chinkara

Scientific name:

Gazella bennetti

About the animal

  • Indian Gazelles are called shy animals as they always act themselves as an alert nature and usually it roams alone in the wild regions.
  • Not very often these species are seen in groups, likely the count would be average in numbers in strength at times.
  • Chinkaras are preyed upon by leopards, Bengal tigers, and dholes. The chinkara was a common prey of the Asiatic cheetah in India alongside blackbucks.
  • Occur in more than 80 protected areas in India, 5 in Pakistan and 9 in Iran. In parts of western India Chinkara are protected by villagers for religious reasons. The species is fully protected by law in India, Pakistan and Iran.
  • The advantage of Gazelles are they can survive a long period without water and their needs of water gets compensated by the dews available in the leaves and plants.
  • In the North Western parts of the Indian country, people called as Bishnoi community protect this animal for their religious reason.
  • Indian Gazelle (Chinkara) is known as the state animal of Rajasthan in India.

Threats

  • Indiscriminate hunting has adversely affected gazelles in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan (hunted for meat and to a lesser degree for trophies). Habitat loss through overgrazing, conversion to agriculture and industrial development is also a factor.

Distribution and habitat

  • Are native to Iran, Pakistan and India
  • Chinkara live in arid plains and hills, deserts, dry scrub and light forests. They inhabit more than 80 protected areas in India
  • In 2001, the Indian chinkara population was estimated at 100,000 with 80,000 living in the Thar Desert.

Gazelles are mainly seen in the below listed National parks in India:

  • Gir National Park
  • Panna National Park
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Desert National Park
  • Sariska National Park
  • Bandhavgarh National Park

Conservation status

  • IUCN- least concern

Currently in news

  • The Ministry of Environment and Forests has decided to establish a wildlife sanctuary at Mudhol taluk in Bagalkot district.
  • The animal fears extinction owing to lack of protection and hunting by local people in the taluk.
  • It is largely found in Mudhol and Badami taluks of north Karnataka region.
  • Chinkaras, which weigh around 30 kg, are largely found in 12 villages of both the taluks. We have not come across such a large concentration anywhere in the State. Thus, it is important to save the animal
  • According to a rough estimate, the district has only around 100 chinkaras, and they need immediate protection from local hunters.
  • The locals have agreed to save the animal. But they want the government to provide them facilities such as LPG connections as they are largely dependent on forest for firewood. They fear that once the areas are declared protected, they will not find firewood
Related Posts
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams – 30th March 2018
State mulls supernumerary posts to protect SC/ST staff facing demotion The State government is planning to create supernumerary posts across various departments to protect employees belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled ...
READ MORE
The world’s largest solar park is shaping up in Karnataka
  Karnataka govt aims to generate by 2018-end around 2700 MW from the Pavagada solar park, in a region that has seen 54 droughts in the last 60 years Pavagada Pavagada less than ...
READ MORE
Department allows farmers in Ramanagara district to kill wild boars
The state forest department has issued a notification allowing culling of wild boars in Ramanagara distric, by declaring them vermin. The notification issued by the Ramanagara forest office which has legalized the ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams- 4th June 2018
Agriculture operations begin on a brisk note With good pre-monsoon showers, agricultural operations have begun on a brisk note in Ballari district for the current kharif season. As against a normal average ...
READ MORE
“7th ಮೇ 2018 ಕನ್ನಡ ಪ್ರಚಲಿತ ವಿದ್ಯಮಾನ”
ಜಿಎಸ್​ಟಿಎನ್​ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣ ಸರ್ಕಾರಿ ಸ್ವಾಮ್ಯದ ಕಂಪನಿಯನ್ನಾಗಿಸಲು ನಿರ್ಧಾರ ಸುದ್ದಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಏಕಿದೆ ? ಸರಕು ಮತ್ತು ಸೇವಾ ತೆರಿಗೆ ಜಾಲ (ಜಿಎಸ್​ಟಿಎನ್​) ಅನ್ನು ಭವಿಷ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಸರ್ಕಾರಿ ಕಂಪನಿಯನ್ನಾಗಿ ಮಾಡುವ ಕುರಿತು ನಡೆದ 27ನೇ ಜಿಎಸ್​ಟಿ ಮಂಡಳಿ ಸಭೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ನಿರ್ಧಾರ ಕೈಗೊಳ್ಳಲಾಗಿದೆ ಜಿಎಸ್​ಟಿಎನ್​ನಲ್ಲಿ ಸದ್ಯ ಶೇ. 51ರಷ್ಟು ...
READ MORE
ವಿದೇಶಿ ನೇರ ಹೂಡಿಕೆ (ಎಫ್‌ಡಿಐ) ನಿಯಮಗಳನ್ನು ಕೇಂದ್ರ ಸರ್ಕಾರ ಸಡಿಲಗೊಳಿಸಿದೆ. ರಿಯಲ್‌ ಎಸ್ಟೇಟ್‌, ರಕ್ಷಣೆ, ನಾಗರಿಕ ವಿಮಾನ ಯಾನ ಮತ್ತು ಸುದ್ದಿ ಪ್ರಸಾರ ಸೇರಿದಂತೆ 15 ಕ್ಷೇತ್ರಗಳನ್ನು ವಿದೇಶಿ ಹೂಡಿಕೆಗೆ ತೆರೆದಿರಿಸಿದೆ. ನಿರ್ಮಾಣ ರಂಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಹೂಡಿಕೆ ಮಾಡುವುದಕ್ಕೆ ಇರುವ ನಿರ್ಬಂಧಗಳನ್ನು ಸಡಿಲಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ. ಯೋಜನೆ ಪೂರ್ಣಗೊಳ್ಳುವ ...
READ MORE
Explained: NAM “Non Aligned Movement”- Important for IAS/KAS
Why in News: The  17th Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held on 17 and 18 September in Margarita Island, northeast of Venezuela, in ...
READ MORE
Gram Swaraj Panchayat Raj bill, 2015
The State Cabinet gave its nod for incorporating several changes in the panchayat raj legislation Amendments are based on the recommendations made by a committee headed by former speaker K R Ramesh Kumar. The ...
READ MORE
Trade Facilitation agreement TFA is divided into three parts. Section 1 contains provisions on simplification of border clearance procedures and adoption of new transparency measures and consists of 12 Articles. These 12 ...
READ MORE
“23rd ಆಗಸ್ಟ್  2018 ಕನ್ನಡ ಪ್ರಚಲಿತ ವಿದ್ಯಮಾನ”
ಬರಪೀಡಿತ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ  ಸುದ್ದಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಏಕಿದೆ? ಇನ್ನು ಮುಂದೆ ಯಾವುದೇ ತಾಲೂಕಿನ ಶೇ.75 ರಷ್ಟು ಕೃಷಿ ಪ್ರದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಬಿತ್ತನೆಯಾಗಿದ್ದು, ಶೇ.50ರಷ್ಟು ತೇವಾಂಶವಿಲ್ಲದೆ ಶೇ.33 ರಷ್ಟು ಬೆಳೆ ನಾಶವಾದರೂ ಆ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆಯನ್ನೂ ಬರಪೀಡಿತ ಎಂದು ಘೋಷಿಸಬಹುದು . ಹಿನ್ನಲೆ ಬರ ಘೋಷಣೆಗೆ ಸಂಬಂಧಿಸಿದ ಕಠಿಣ ಮಾನದಂಡವನ್ನು ಕೇಂದ್ರ ಸರಕಾರ ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams – 30th
The world’s largest solar park is shaping up
Department allows farmers in Ramanagara district to kill
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams- 4th June
“7th ಮೇ 2018 ಕನ್ನಡ ಪ್ರಚಲಿತ ವಿದ್ಯಮಾನ”
ವಿದೇಶಿ ಹೂಡಿಕೆ ನಿಯಮ ಸಡಿಲ
Explained: NAM “Non Aligned Movement”- Important for IAS/KAS
Gram Swaraj Panchayat Raj bill, 2015
Trade Facilitation agreement- details and implementation
“23rd ಆಗಸ್ಟ್ 2018 ಕನ್ನಡ ಪ್ರಚಲಿತ ವಿದ್ಯಮಾನ”