About the animal
- Indian Gazelles are called shy animals as they always act themselves as an alert nature and usually it roams alone in the wild regions.
- Not very often these species are seen in groups, likely the count would be average in numbers in strength at times.
- Chinkaras are preyed upon by leopards, Bengal tigers, and dholes. The chinkara was a common prey of the Asiatic cheetah in India alongside blackbucks.
- Occur in more than 80 protected areas in India, 5 in Pakistan and 9 in Iran. In parts of western India Chinkara are protected by villagers for religious reasons. The species is fully protected by law in India, Pakistan and Iran.
- The advantage of Gazelles are they can survive a long period without water and their needs of water gets compensated by the dews available in the leaves and plants.
- In the North Western parts of the Indian country, people called as Bishnoi community protect this animal for their religious reason.
- Indian Gazelle (Chinkara) is known as the state animal of Rajasthan in India.
- Indiscriminate hunting has adversely affected gazelles in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan (hunted for meat and to a lesser degree for trophies). Habitat loss through overgrazing, conversion to agriculture and industrial development is also a factor.
Distribution and habitat
- Are native to Iran, Pakistan and India
- Chinkara live in arid plains and hills, deserts, dry scrub and light forests. They inhabit more than 80 protected areas in India
- In 2001, the Indian chinkara population was estimated at 100,000 with 80,000 living in the Thar Desert.
Gazelles are mainly seen in the below listed National parks in India:
- Gir National Park
- Panna National Park
- Ranthambore National Park
- Desert National Park
- Sariska National Park
- Bandhavgarh National Park
- IUCN- least concern
Currently in news
- The Ministry of Environment and Forests has decided to establish a wildlife sanctuary at Mudhol taluk in Bagalkot district.
- The animal fears extinction owing to lack of protection and hunting by local people in the taluk.
- It is largely found in Mudhol and Badami taluks of north Karnataka region.
- Chinkaras, which weigh around 30 kg, are largely found in 12 villages of both the taluks. We have not come across such a large concentration anywhere in the State. Thus, it is important to save the animal
- According to a rough estimate, the district has only around 100 chinkaras, and they need immediate protection from local hunters.
- The locals have agreed to save the animal. But they want the government to provide them facilities such as LPG connections as they are largely dependent on forest for firewood. They fear that once the areas are declared protected, they will not find firewood
Rs. 11,000-cr. package for city infrastructure Bengaluru Development Minister K.J. George on 1st August announced a Rs. 11,000-crore package under the Nagarothana scheme to improve the city’s infrastructure, including white-topping of ...READ MORE
The Government has launched Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) in the country. The aim, objective and salient features of CCTNS are : To fully computerize the process of crime ...READ MORE
The Union government has ordered banks to use indelible ink on those swapping scrapped notes. The Mysore Paints and Varnish Ltd (MPVL), the only company authorised to manufacture the substance in ...READ MORE
The amendment to the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) notification 2011 permitting the use of reclaimed land for construction of roads in notified areas has triggered a wave of concern among ...READ MORE
A pre-recruitment training programme proposed by the Karnataka government for those aspiring to get into the Indian Army is all set to be launched. The admission process for the programme will ...READ MORE
The Centrally-appointed Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) has pulled up the State government for ‘converting’ a reserve forest to gomala land in Belagavi. The recommendations by the 7-member FAC, which comprises officials ...READ MORE
The famed Mysore Dasara also called the Nadahabba (state-festival) of the state is scheduled to be held from October 1 to 11, this year and here is what you should know. Poet Kanavi to ...READ MORE
The Mysuru Division of South Western Railways has initiated additional precautionary measures to beef up rail safety following the recent train accident near Kanpur that claimed nearly 150 lives. This includes ...READ MORE
The International Tax Wing of the Income Tax Department, Bengaluru, on 8th March launched two online services aimed to help non-resident taxpayers. The services include issuance of TDS certificates for non-resident ...READ MORE
Tirthahalli taluk in grip of Kyasanur Forest Disease Tirthahalli taluk continues to remain in the grip of Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD), also known as monkey fever, as four positive cases among ...READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems
Karnataka Updates: Indelible ink for banks will come
Amendment to CRZ 2011
Karnataka: Govt to prepare state’s youths for Army
State seeks diversion of Bhutaramanahatti Reserve Forest land,
Mysore Dasara: An insight into the Nadahabba
Karnataka: Mysuru Railway Division Intensifies Track Patrolling
New online system launched for Non-Resident Taxpayers
Karnataka State Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC