Chinkaras

chinkara

Scientific name:

Gazella bennetti

About the animal

  • Indian Gazelles are called shy animals as they always act themselves as an alert nature and usually it roams alone in the wild regions.
  • Not very often these species are seen in groups, likely the count would be average in numbers in strength at times.
  • Chinkaras are preyed upon by leopards, Bengal tigers, and dholes. The chinkara was a common prey of the Asiatic cheetah in India alongside blackbucks.
  • Occur in more than 80 protected areas in India, 5 in Pakistan and 9 in Iran. In parts of western India Chinkara are protected by villagers for religious reasons. The species is fully protected by law in India, Pakistan and Iran.
  • The advantage of Gazelles are they can survive a long period without water and their needs of water gets compensated by the dews available in the leaves and plants.
  • In the North Western parts of the Indian country, people called as Bishnoi community protect this animal for their religious reason.
  • Indian Gazelle (Chinkara) is known as the state animal of Rajasthan in India.

Threats

  • Indiscriminate hunting has adversely affected gazelles in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan (hunted for meat and to a lesser degree for trophies). Habitat loss through overgrazing, conversion to agriculture and industrial development is also a factor.

Distribution and habitat

  • Are native to Iran, Pakistan and India
  • Chinkara live in arid plains and hills, deserts, dry scrub and light forests. They inhabit more than 80 protected areas in India
  • In 2001, the Indian chinkara population was estimated at 100,000 with 80,000 living in the Thar Desert.

Gazelles are mainly seen in the below listed National parks in India:

  • Gir National Park
  • Panna National Park
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Desert National Park
  • Sariska National Park
  • Bandhavgarh National Park

Conservation status

  • IUCN- least concern

Currently in news

  • The Ministry of Environment and Forests has decided to establish a wildlife sanctuary at Mudhol taluk in Bagalkot district.
  • The animal fears extinction owing to lack of protection and hunting by local people in the taluk.
  • It is largely found in Mudhol and Badami taluks of north Karnataka region.
  • Chinkaras, which weigh around 30 kg, are largely found in 12 villages of both the taluks. We have not come across such a large concentration anywhere in the State. Thus, it is important to save the animal
  • According to a rough estimate, the district has only around 100 chinkaras, and they need immediate protection from local hunters.
  • The locals have agreed to save the animal. But they want the government to provide them facilities such as LPG connections as they are largely dependent on forest for firewood. They fear that once the areas are declared protected, they will not find firewood
Related Posts
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams – 11th September 2017
VTU asks colleges to incubate startups Following in the footsteps of the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore and other institutes that support fledgling entrepreneurs, Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) has instructed all ...
READ MORE
Rural Development- Objectives of Swachha Bharat
Construction of individual household toilets for families in the rural areas who do not have toilets. To improve the standard of living of the rural people and reformation in the health ...
READ MORE
Karnataka: Govt to prepare state’s youths for Army
A pre-recruitment training programme proposed by the Karnataka government for those aspiring to get into the Indian Army is all set to be launched. The admission process for the programme will ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams -19th- 21st Nov
Direct Rice Sowing method proves a success in Ballari Owing to failure of rain in the months of June and July this year, or due to relentless motivation by the officials ...
READ MORE
Yermarus Thermal Power Station first unit fit for commercial production
The first unit of the Yeramarus Thermal Power Station (YTPS) has successfully completed the trial run by generating power continuously for 72 hours. The first generating unit of the newly set ...
READ MORE
Apple may start manufacturing in Bengaluru
The Government of Karnataka today said it welcomes Apple Inc.'s proposal to commence initial manufacturing operations in the city. "Apple’s intentions to manufacture in Bengaluru will foster cutting edge technology eco ...
READ MORE
World Radio Day 2017 – ‘Radio is You’! – 2017 edition
About World Radio Day World Radio Day is observed on February 13 to celebrate radio as a medium to promote and access information. After originally proposed by the Kingdom of Spain, UNESCO ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams – 9th July 2017
4 projects get STAMP of approval Four entrepreneurs who pitched solutions to improve the first- and last-mile connectivity to Namma Metro stations in Bengaluru will soon get a chance to execute ...
READ MORE
Karnataka : Food production set to fall 35% below target
Food production in Karnataka is set to fall short of the stated target by a whopping 35% in the current financial year on account of successive years of drought. The state ...
READ MORE
Padma Awards: Seven Padma awardees from Karnataka – Complete List
Padma Awards are the highest civilian Awards of the country conferred in three categories Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. This year, President of India Pranab Mukherjee approved conferment of ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams – 11th
Rural Development- Objectives of Swachha Bharat
Karnataka: Govt to prepare state’s youths for Army
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams -19th- 21st
Yermarus Thermal Power Station first unit fit for
Apple may start manufacturing in Bengaluru
World Radio Day 2017 – ‘Radio is You’!
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams
Karnataka : Food production set to fall 35%
Padma Awards: Seven Padma awardees from Karnataka –