India – maldives

maldives-on-worldmap

India – Maldives

Evolution of India Maldives relationship

  • Indian Army’s ‘Operation Cactus’ foiled a coup in Maldives that was attempted by a pro-Eelam group in 1988.
  • Indian Coast Guard’s Dornier was the first to land at the Ibrahim Nasir Airport with relief and supplies after the tsunami of December 26, 2004.
  • India maintains a naval presence in Maldives, at the request of the Maldives, since 2009 .
  • Maldives has pledged its support to India as a permanent member of an expanded UN Security Council.
  • On December 5, 2014, India dispatched “water aid” to the Maldivian capital of Male, after a fire destroyed the generator of its biggest water treatment plant.
  • Ever since Nasheed, the first democratically-elected President of Maldives, was made to step down after a series of events that has been described in some quarters as a coup, the Indian Ocean archipelago is witnessing political tussles. Nasheed had taken refuge at Indian High Commission once, fearing arrest under the regime of his successor and former Vice President, Mohamed Waheed.
  • India had assisted Maldives’ election process by sending its observers, and had also withdrawn observers at one point because the electoral process was neither free nor fair.
  • Maldivian government took several steps to bolster Mr. Yameen’s authority such as removal of Chief Justice, police chiefs and arrest of Vice President and former Defence Minister. These incidents earned widespread condemnations from various countries, including India. Prime Minister Narendra Modiskipped Maldives in his Indian Ocean tour.
  • Relations between India and Maldives came under a strain after Male had terminated the agreement it entered into with GMR in 2010 for the modernisation of the Ibrahim Nasir International Airport. The airport was taken over by the Maldives Airports Company Limited after a high-voltage legal tussle in which GMR.Maldives government maintains the reason for cancellation of the project was because “the contract was illegally awarded” by the then President Nasheed. The country’s anti-graft watchdog has ruled out any corruption in the leasing of the international airport to GMR. The airport expansion project was subsequently given to the Chinese company, which will plough in US $ 800 million. GMR, meanwhile, has won an arbitration against the Maldives. The quantum of damages to be paid by the Maldives is yet to announced by the arbitration tribunal in Singapore.

Maldives growing “closeness” with China

  • India is uneasy with Maldives’s relationship with China. There were media reports that China was looking to establish a base in Maldives after leasing out one of the islands under the liberalised leasing scheme brought in by the Yameen Government, which was denied by both Male and Beijing.
  • China is assisting Maldives in some infrastructure and developmental projects, including a bridge between the island in which the airport is located, Hulhumale, and the Capital island, Male, which is about 10 minutes by a passenger ferry.
  • Maldives is also part of China’s Silk Road project, a move that has not gone down well in New Delhi.
  • The President’s Office, has however, repeatedly clarified that China policy does not interfere with or diminish the country’s “special relationship” with India

Visit of the President of Maldives to India on April 2016

  • President of Maldives, Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, was in April 2016 on a two-day visit to New Delhi

Yameen’s agenda in the India tour

  • President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom is expected to sign a counter-terror pact with India. Maldives recently arrested 40 of its nationals, who were reportedly fighting alongside the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
  • Mr. Yameen and the Indian government may also sign a double-tax avoidance agreement. India is in the process of signing DTAA with various countries, which are perceived to be tax havens in order to check the flow of blackmoney.
  • India’s change in policy towards the Maldives a little after Prime Minister Narendra Modi skipped Maldives in his Indian Ocean region tour has helped to thaw relations.
  • India has been largely silent on the major assault on democratic institutions and the Opposition in the archipelego nation, while most countries which have a stake in the region, including the US, UK, and the European Union, have condemned the Yameen Government’s transgressions.

Museum restoration

  •  Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the subject “Cooperation in the area of conservation and restoration of ancient mosques and joint research and exploratory survey in Maldives” had been signed.
  • The MoU proposes to undertake conservation and restoration of historical mosques and monuments, in Maldives, joint research and exploratory survey, training and capacity building of Maldivian personnel in the areas of heritage conservation etc.
  • The MoU shall be valid for five years.
Related Posts
IMF staff recommended that the currency be included in the IMF’s benchmark foreign exchange basket Managing Director of the IMF Christine Lagarde also endorsed the yuan’s inclusion in the IMF’s Special ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams – 9th April 2017
Elephant census to focus on areas outside forests Forest offici­a­ls and conservationists, who are gearing up for the elephant census, will focus on areas outside forests as the jumbos are seen ...
READ MORE
12 acres of Kappatagudda forest destroyed in fire
The fire that broke out in the Kappatagudda foothills between Bidnal and Virapapur Lambani tandas on 3rd March night, has been completely doused. Fire and Emergency Services personnel, police, Forest department ...
READ MORE
Karnataka: Aircraft to spray seeds and fertilisers?
State-owned aviation major, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) thought so when it produced 39 Basant aircraft but stopped building them after 1980. Now, the Aussies want rich Indian farmers to check out ...
READ MORE
K’taka: State govt’s debt stock mounts to whopping Rs 2L cr
The State government has borrowed Rs 90,000 crore during the last four years. The total debt stock in 2012-13, when the present Congress government came to power, stood at Rs 1.18 ...
READ MORE
Karnataka: ArcelorMittal plans solar farm in Ballari
World’s largest steelmaker ArcelorMittal may set up a solar farm on land allotted to it for a steel plant in Ballari district of Karnataka, in view of excess global steel ...
READ MORE
Urban Development: City Cluster Development & Heritage Based Development
City Cluster Development: City Cluster Development (CCD) is an urban led strategy towards promotion of economic and social development under which closely located areas of human settlements are linked together functionally, structurally and spatially to form ...
READ MORE
PM Narendra Modi Visit to US
Second visit of PM Narendra Modi to USA commenced on 24 September 2015 after his stopover visit to Ireland. The primary agenda: To garner support for ‘Make in India’ ‘Skill India’ and ...
READ MORE
Rural Development- Rural Employment and Livelihood-
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme has been in operation in all the districts of Karnataka State since 2006-07 which is being implemented in a phased manner. The primary ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Budget 2017- 2018 – Highlights
Siddaramaiah, who presented the state budget proposals for 2017-18 in the Assembly on 15th March, tried to explain the financial constraints his government faces because of a sluggish economy. This has ...
READ MORE
China’s yuan for SDR basket inclusion
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams
12 acres of Kappatagudda forest destroyed in fire
Karnataka: Aircraft to spray seeds and fertilisers?
K’taka: State govt’s debt stock mounts to whopping
Karnataka: ArcelorMittal plans solar farm in Ballari
Urban Development: City Cluster Development & Heritage Based
PM Narendra Modi Visit to US
Rural Development- Rural Employment and Livelihood-
Karnataka Budget 2017- 2018 – Highlights