India’s rotavirus vaccine launched

What 

  • Country’s first, indigenous rotavirus vaccine launched
  • The Rotavirus vaccine was developed indigenously, under a public-private partnership between the Ministry of Science Technology and the Health Ministry.

Why

  • to combat diarrhoeal deaths.

How

  • As given in the figure rota virus infects the small intestine and leads to death of cells on the small intestine. In turn this leads to reduced absorption of the nutrients from the food we eat. This continued malabsorption of carbohydrates causes diarrhoea which can be dangerous in children
  • Rota virus vaccine prevents the infection by virus by increasing body’s defence against rotavirus infection

Why important to prevent rotavirus infection

  • Diarrhoea caused by Rotavirus is one of the leading causes of severe diarrhoea and death among children less than five years of age.
  • In India, between 80,000 to one lakh children die due to Rotavirus diarrhoea annually while nearly 9 lakh children are admitted to hospital with severe diarrhoea. Another 32.7 lakh children visit the hospital as out patients due to the disease.
  • Adding this life-saving vaccine to our immunisation programme will not only improve the health of our children but also reduce hospitalisation and other conditions associated with diarrhoea due to Rotavirus such as malnutrition, delayed physical and mental development among children.
  • Reduced hospitalisation lower the economic burden on the family and the health cost burden on the country

Importance of the current vaccine

  • It is an indegenous vaccine, ie. development involved the complete cycle from basic research to product development of the vaccine in India.
  • The company has been given undertaken to keep the cost of the vaccine at US$ 1 per dose.
  • This is the third such vaccine available globally against Rotavirus and, at the current prices, the cheapest

How will the vaccine be given

  • The vaccine was being introduced in the country’s national immunisation programme called Universal Immunis-ation Programme (UIP)
  • Initially in four States — Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Odisha — and would be expanded to the entire country in a phased manner
  • The Rotavac is in addition to three new vaccines that have been introduced in India’s Universal Immunis-ation Programme (UIP) including Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), Measles, Rubella (MR) vaccine, and Adult Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccine.
  • With these new vaccines, India’s UIP will provide free vaccines against 12 life threatening diseases, to 27 million children annually, the largest birth cohort in the world.
  • The IPV was intro-duced in six States from Nov. 30, 2015 for double protection against polio.
Related Posts
NammaKPSC classroom for KPSC challengers-Changes in AnnaBhagya Scheme
What should you focus on? Name of the scheme Beneficiaries Salient features Any new changes to the existing scheme For mains: Its challenges and benifits One more kg of free rice for poor in state The state ...
READ MORE
Kerala becomes first State in India to roll out LNG-powered bus
A new chapter in the country’s transport sector has been initiated which moves towards clean fuel, India’s first liquefied natural gas-driven bus was launched in Kerala. Union Petroleum and Natural Gas ...
READ MORE
Britain grants first licence for genetic modification of embryos
Britain grants first licence for genetic modification of embryos Britain granted its first licence for the genetic modification of human embryos as part of research into infertility and why miscarriages happen, ...
READ MORE
The Ministry of Road Transport & highways has issued a draft notification for implementation of BS-V and BS-VI norms for the automobile sector, covering the four wheeler category. The ministry has ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams – 14th July 2017
From this year, Kannada is compulsory in all schools Starting this academic year, students will be taught Kannada in all schools in the State, including private, linguistic minority and Central board ...
READ MORE
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams – 7th July 2017
Metro signage: Union Minister backs tri-language policy In the backdrop of protests to remove Hindi signage from Namma Metro stations, Union Minister D.V. Sadananda Gowda on 6th July expressed support for the ...
READ MORE
Netravathi River: Inflow Drop at Thumbe Dam by 50%
Inflow in the Netravathi to the Thumbe vented dam, which supplies drinking water to the city, has dropped by 50% in a month. It might force the Mangaluru City Corporation to ...
READ MORE
Karnataka: Air ambulance service to be operational in Jan
Karnataka state will get its first air ambulance facility in the New Year. The Chief Minister Siddaramaiah formally launched the air ambulances on 16th Dec, commercial operations will begin in January ...
READ MORE
Urban Development: Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)
The Mission aims at creating economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities. It is being implemented in the cities of Bengaluru and Mysuru in Karnataka with KUIDFC as the Nodal Agency. The ...
READ MORE
The government has declared the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) a terrorist organisation under the stringent provisions of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 It is the 39th outfit to enter ...
READ MORE
NammaKPSC classroom for KPSC challengers-Changes in AnnaBhagya Scheme
Kerala becomes first State in India to roll
Britain grants first licence for genetic modification of
Draft notification for BS-V and BS-VI norms
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams
Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams
Netravathi River: Inflow Drop at Thumbe Dam by
Karnataka: Air ambulance service to be operational in
Urban Development: Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Centre declares NSCN(K) terrorist organisation