Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS / KPSC Exams – 6th July 2017

PETA to challenge Ordinance on Kambala


  • People for the Ethical Treatment to Animals (PETA) has said that the organisation will challenge the new Ordinance that allows the conduct of Kambala — slush track buffalo race — in an appropriate court.
  • In a statement here, PETA said that legalising Kambala by the State government is a “bizarre use of power”.
  • The High Court of Karnataka banned Kambala in 2016 referring to a Supreme Court judgment of 2014 that barred bull races and the use of bulls for performances.
  • The statement quoted PETA CEO Manilal Valliyate as saying, “At a time when the rest of the world is banning bullfights, with the use of animals in circuses and other cruelty to animals for so-called entertainment — India is moving backwards, embracing once-western concepts such as abuse of cattle through the legalisation of cruelty to bulls through spectacles such as Kambala and Jallikattu.
  • PETA is committed to helping spare buffaloes and other bulls from this cruelty because compassion for cattle, not cruelty, is our true culture and Constitutional duty.”
  •  It further said that inspections carried out by the government body, Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), proved beyond doubt that without physically and mentally torturing bulls, they cannot be forced to run in races.

Animal Cruelty

  • PETA said that AWBI’s reports contain photographic evidence and a description of different forms of cruelty inflicted on buffaloes, including hitting them with hands, slapping on their face, violent pulling of the thick nose ropes, rough handling by pushing and pulling the animals, overpowering, tail pulling, and restricting the movements of the head using a wooden pole tied to their horns during Kambala events.
  • Many of the buffaloes frothed at the mouth, salivated heavily, and displayed increased respiration rates upon finishing the race, demonstrating that they are anatomically unfit for racing, as was recognised by the Supreme Court. It said the cruelty stands in contravention of the intention of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960.

Demand for metro-BMTC integrated card grows louder


  • The completion of Phase I of Namma Metro has put the focus back on the demand for an integrated smart card that commuters can use for both metro and buses.
  • While the demand is not new, it had not gathered any momentum till last month when the entire 42.3 km of Namma Metro’s Phase I network was connected.
  • With a daily ridership of around 3 lakh across both Purple and Green Lines, and increased feeder services, commuters are now demanding one card for travel across both modes.
  • Faced with an increasing demand for integration, both the BMTC and BMRCL plan to chalk out a project plan in the coming weeks.
  • However, there are many technical challenges to be overcome for a two-in-one smart card to become a reality.
  • The two smart card systems are different. BMRCL operates a closed-loop smart card that will have to be integrated with the open-loop system of the BMTC.
  • Other logistics such as cost-sharing on the project and time frame will also have to be worked out,” an expert said.
  •  According to BMTC sources, meetings for implementing a road-map will begin within two months.

BMTC looks to increase smart card availability


  • College students will be able to purchase smart cards issued by the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) in the next few days, with the transport utility ready to roll out the next phase of the scheme.
  • The cards, which were so far available only to school and pre-university college students as well as 100 passengers on the 335E route, have been largely successful.
  • After some fine-tuning, the availability of cards will be ramped up in the coming months. By mid-July, all sub-routes operating on the 335 main route will be selling smart cards.
  • The aim is to ramp it up by introducing smart cards to new routes and consumers within a gap of 15 days.
  • So while college (including technical colleges) students will get access to smart cards within one week,  shall expand to all of route no. 335, and then to Vayu Vajra (airport premium services) and Vajra routes in a phased manner
  •  The BMTC smart cards, which operate on an open-loop system, were launched in collaboration with Axis Bank. Customers pay a 0.69% fee per transaction for using them.According to the BMTC’s internal plan, smart cards should be rolled out to all commuters by mid-October.
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