Karnataka Current Affairs – KAS/KPSC Exams- 10th January 2019

Kolar leaf-nosed bat habitat a conservation reserve

Kolar leaf-nosed bat

  • Rediscovered four years ago in the caves of Hanumanahalli Betta in Mulbagal taluk of Kolar district, the endangered Hipposiderid bats, also known as Kolar leaf-nosed bats, were threatened by quarrying. The state government on Wednesday declared the area a Conservation Reserve
  • Though the state government had banned mining and quarrying at the hillock in 2014, the bats were fast dwindling, prompting conservationists to exert pressure on the government to declare the region a protected area.
  • According to reports, the hillock is the only habitat of these species of bats in the world.
  • According to the IUCN list, the bats were on the endangered list of animals and it was our duty to protect those species for future generations
  • A one-kilometre radius of the area around the hillock has been declared as “Safe Zone”.
  • The bats, which were considered extinct, were retraced by researchers from Osmania University and Biodiversity Research and Conservation Society.
  • A move to declare 40,000 acres of reserve forest in Bukkapatna in Tumakuru as Wildlife Sanctuary and merge 15 sq km of Muneshwara Reserve Forests with Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary was also cleared

Kolar leaf-nosed bat

  • The Kolar leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros hypophyllus), or leafletted leaf-nosed bat is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae.
  • It is endemic to India. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and caves. It is found in only one cave in India, and its population is less than 200 individuals.
  • It is known from only one cave in Hanumanahalli village in the Kolar district of the state of Karnataka in India.
  • Its cave is described as an inaccessibly narrow opening in granite rocks.
  • Previously, it was known from a nearby cave in Therahalli village, but it is absent from that cave as of 2014. It has not been encountered at elevations above 570 m (1,870 ft). The habitat surrounding its single remaining cave consists of tropical dry shrublan
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