Non communicable diseases

Programmes to control Non communicable diseases

National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)

  • which is implemented for interventions up to District level
  • under the National Health Mission.

NPCDCS has a focus on

  1. awareness generation for behavior and life-style changes,
  2. screening and early diagnosis of persons with high level of risk factors and
  3. their treatment and referral (if required) to higher facilities for appropriate management for Non-communicable Diseases including Diabetes.

Rastriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)

  • Under National Health Mission govt
  • in order to improve the overall quality of life of children and provide comprehensive care to all the children in the community.
  • This programme involves screening of children from birth to 18 years of age for four Ds – Defects at birth, Diseases, Deficiencies and Development delays including disabilities.

Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)

  • for adolescents in the age group of 10-19 years, which promotes behaviour change in adolescents to prevent NCDs including diabetes.

Diabetes

  • As per a newspaper report, an article published in Lancet Journal states that India is among the top three countries in the world with high diabetic population.  It has also been stated therein that the prevalence of diabetes has increased by 80 per cent among women in India between 1980 to 2014.
  • As per International Diabetes Federation, estimated number of people with diabetes (20-79 years) in India are 65.0 million, 66.8 million and 69.1 million in 2013, 2014 & 2015 respectively.
  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has undertaken a large scale epidemiological study on Task Force Projects on diabetes “ICMR – India Diabetes Study (ICMR INDIAB) Study” which looked at the prevalence of diabetes in different States. 
  • The theme of the World Health Day 2016 was “Halt The Rise Beat Diabetes”.
  • NPCDCS – The programme includes creation of awareness in the society for change of lifestyle, dietary patterns, nutrition, etc. which are the major risk factors of diabetes.
  • As per the Finance Minister’s budget speech, 2016 there is a proposal for increase of excise duty on aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured from 18 per cent to 21 per cent
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