Section-I, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of Indian, Information Technology In Public Domain
Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Agricultural Science, Health and Hygiene 
Section – III Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment & Ecology 

PAPER – IV General Studies 3

Section-I, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of Indian, Information Technology In Public Domain

  1. Basics of Science and Technology.
  • Classical and emerging areas of science and Technology (S&T)-
  • Value Addition by Science & Technology-
  • Current Science  &  Technology  developments  in  India  and  Importance  of  Science  &  Technology  as  an  engine  for  national development-
  • Industrial  development  &  Urbanization-
  • National  policy  of  Science  &  Technology  ; changes  in  policy  from time  to  time  ; Technology  missions- 
  • ICT:  Basics  Computers,  Communication,  Telephone  and  Television- 
  • Broadband, Internet,  &  Web-IT  industries,  BPO,  economic  &  employment  growth- 
  • E-governance,  E-commerce  &    E-learning-   IT& Rural applications, 
  • Digital divide & its prevention- Computers in Mass Media.

2.SPACE Science and Technology

  • A brief history of global space programmes, and current space programmes.
  • Space programme in India- INSAT, IRS systems, EDUSAT, and Chandrayana-1, Etc., and future programme.
  • Application of  Space  technology  in  India  with  special  references  to  Educational,  Agricultural  and  Other  Rural Developmental Activities.
  1. Energy Resources
  • Indian Energy scenario- Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear, & Renewable; their potential, harnessing & options.
  • Importance of renewable resources- Solar, Wind, Small/ Mini/ Micro Hydel, Biomass, Waste based, Geothermal, Tidal, Hydrogen & Fuel cells.
  • Enabling legislations, financial and procedural incentives, and business opportunities for investors.
  1. Disasters, Pests and Pollution
  • Climatic Change – floods, cyclone, tsunami, natural and manmade disasters and disaster management.
  • Crop science in India, Fertilizers, Control of Pests and Crop Diseases.
  • Safe Drinking water & supply.
  • Sanitation and Waste disposal
  • Urbanization, Industrialization, and Pollution control.
  1. Related Perceptions
  • Universalizing Science and Technology literacy;
  • Technology with a Human Face
  • Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Contribution to Growth of GDP
  • Facing Global competition
  • Preservation & promotion of culture and indigenous knowledge
  1. Knowledge Society
  • Human capital, its power, imparting education, Skill, & Values.
  • Role of Knowledge for Economic growth, Social development, Cultural enrichment & political empowerment.
  • Achieving goals around Knowledge: Eradication of poverty; Universal primary education; Gender equality.
  1. Rural Upliftment and Science & Technology
  • Advance Infrastructure in Rural Areas, Establishing Physical, Electronic, Knowledge, & Economic Connectivity.
  • Regional Language: Usage in ICT
  • Horticulture: Hybrid  seed  production  with  R&D;  Set  up  Fruit  and  vegetable  processing  plants,  packaging  & Marketing.
  • Agro Food  Processing:  Forming  village  clusters  and  establishing  Food  Storage,  Food  Processing,  and  Food
  • Packaging & Marketing.
  • Bio-fuel cultivation and extraction
  • Scientific Water harvesting.

Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Agricultural Science, Health and Hygiene -(7 Units)

  1. Natural Science
  • Plants –  crop  plants,  forest  species,  medicinal  and  aromatic  plants,  usefulness  of  plants  and  human  affairs (utility), photosynthesis, transpiration, harmful plants. Common classification of animals – domestic and wild animals. Usefulness of animals and human affairs (utility).
  • Microorganisms: Common bacteria, virus, fungi and their beneficial and harmful effect on mankind.
  1. Agriculture Science
  • Agriculture scenario  and  importance  of  agriculture  in  the  national  and  state     Crop  production  and protection.  Chemical  Fertilizers  and  Vermi  compost.  Cost  benefit  and  investment  analysis  of  agricultural  enterprises.
  • Programmes for  production  and  productivity  enhancement  –  green,  white,  yellow,  blue    Recent  trends  in organic farming and farm mechanization. Farming systems and sustainability. Agro-processing and agro-based industries.
  • Post-harvest technology and value addition. Management of land and water resources.
  1. Horticulture and Sericulture
  • Importance of  Horticulture-floriculture,  vegetables,  fruits,  plantation  crops,  spices,  aromatic  and  medicinal plants.  Hi-  tech  horticulture  (green  /  poly  house  cultivation).  Post-harvest  management  and  value
  • Special promotional programmes for horticulture development.
  • Sericulture: Importance  of  sericulture  in  India  and  Karnataka,  distribution  of  mulberry  and  non-mulberry  sericulture (area, production and productivity across states), cocoon production.
  1. Initiatives in Biotechnology
  • Concept of biotechnology, introduction and application of genetic engineering and stem cells research. Molecular breeding and marker assisted selection. Transgenic plants (genetically modified) and their beneficial and harmful effects on environment and    Biotechnology  in  agriculture  (bio-fertilizers,  bio-pesticides,  bio-fuels,  tissue  culture,  cloning).
  • Food bio-technology, food safety and microbial standards, food quality standards, food laws and regulations.
  1. Animal Husbandry (veterinary, dairy and fishery sciences)
  • Importance of livestock in the national and state economy. Important exotic and Indian breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, swine and poultry.
  • Milk production management and  dairy    Milk  Cooperative  Unions and  their  role  in  rural economy- AMUL, KMF.
  • Fisheries resources  in  India-Marine  fisheries  resources  and  potential,  exclusive  economic  zone  of  India,  coastal aquaculture  and  Mari    Inland  water  resources,  commercially  important  fishes,  responsible  fishing.  Ornamental fish production. Value addition of livestock products and quality control.
  1. Agriculture development policies, programmes and trade
  • Salient Features  of  National  and  Karnataka  state  agricultural  policies,  Agriculture  Price  Policy,  National  Seed Policy,  Agricultural  Credit  Policy,  National  Agricultural  Research  System  (NARS).
  • Farmers welfare  programmes  in  India, Farm  women  development  programmes,  Agriculture  under  Five  Year  Plans,  Development  /  strengthening  of  agricultural marketing  infrastructure-Grading  and  Standardization,  Crop  Insurance  Scheme-National  Agricultural  Insurance  Scheme (NAIS),  Weather  Based  Crop  Insurance  Scheme  (WBCIS),  Food  Security,  National  Watershed  Development  Programme, Export  potential  of  agriculture-horticulture-livestock
  • Commercialization and  globalization  of  agriculture-  WTO, AoA (Agreement on Agriculture).
  1. Health and Hygiene
  • Human – Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and reproductive systems. Allopathic, Indian System of Medicine, Naturopathy  and  Yoga  (AYUSH),  NRHM,  National  HIV  Programme,  Tuberculosis  programme,  P  and  SM (Preventive  and  Social Medicine),  Diseases  – Communicable diseases, epidemic diseases, endemic  diseases,  vector borne diseases.
  • Basic knowledge  of  infections  caused  by  different  groups  of  microorganisms  –  Gastroenteritis,  cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections, HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu, dengue, preventive measures during out breaks.
  • Vaccines, introduction  to  immunity,  production  of  DPT  and  rabies  vaccine  and  hepatitis
  • Application of immunological methods in diagnosis. Health awareness Programme, Etc.,

Section – III Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment & Ecology (6 units)

  1. Environmental Segments:  
  • Promotion and  protection  –forest  conservation  and
  • Protection of Wild Life, Project Tiger, National parks and Sanctuaries, Impact of mining on forest and environment.
  • Red Data Book: Endangered species, Eco Tourism and any other related current issues.
  1. Natural Resources: 
  • Forest  –  Types  and  conservation  of  forest  and  forest  resources.
  • Water  resources-flood  and drought  occurrences,  water  resource  management,
  • Land  resources.
  • Rain  water  harvesting,
  • Infrastructure development – Dams, Roads, Rails, Bridges,
  • Industry,urbanization and waste water management, acquisition and rehabilitation and other issues due to human interventions and any other related current issues.
  1. Eco System and Biodiversity
  • Ecology – Basic concepts of ecology, Eco System, Food Chain,
  • Biodiversity and its conservation, Hot  spots  of  Biodiversity,  threats  to  diversity,
  • forest  sustainable  development  and  management,
  • any other related current issues, IPR.
  1. Environment Pollution  and  Solid  Waste  Management:
  • Air  Pollution,  Water  pollution,  Soil  Pollution,  Noise Pollution and remedies.
  • Solid waste Management- Types of Solid waste management, factors affecting the solid waste  generation,    Impact of  solid  waste,   Recycling  and  reuse. Any  other  related Current  issues.
  • Environment protection  Act,
  • Air  (prevention  and  control  of  pollution),  water  (prevention  and  control  of  pollution),  water pollution Cess Act.
  1. Role of  Information  Technology  in  Environment  and  Human  Health:
  • Global  Environmental  issues  like  Climate change,  acid  rains,  global  warming,
  • wasteland  reclamation,  watershed  management,  watershed  approach  for sustainable development,
  • linking of rivers, water crisis.
  • Any other related current issues.
  1. State community-civil  society  interface,  Joint  forest  management  system:
  • community  participation, Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation.
  • Disaster Management,
  • Sustainable Forest Development.
  • Flood, earthquake, drought, tsunami, Global warming – Ozone layer
  • CFC, carbon credit.


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