TEST 08: INDIAN POLITY AND CONSTITUTION

Syllabus: prime minister, council of ministers

1.Which of the following article of Indian Constitution mentioned about the appointment of the Prime Minister?

A. Article 75

B. Article 80

C. Article 84

D. Article 86

2. Consider the following statements regarding the role of President in appointment of Prime Minister:

  1. In accordance with the conventions of the parliamentary system of government, the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.

  2. When no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister.

  3. The discretion was exercised by the President, for the first time in 1979, when Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (the then President) appointed Charan Singh (the coalition leader) as the Prime Minister after the fall of the Janata Party government headed by Morarji Desai.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. All of the above

3. The Prime Minister must be a member of which of the following house?

A. Lok Sabha

B. Rajya Sabha

C. Either of the houses

D. Not a necessary condition being a member of either house

4. With reference to the powers of Prime Minister which following is/are true?

A. He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president.

B. He allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers.

C. He can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion.

D. All of the above

5. In which of the following cases the Council of Ministers get dissolved?

A. Resignation of Prime Minister

B. Death of Prime Minister

C. Either of the above case

D. Council of Ministers will never get dissolved either in above case

6. The Prime Minister advises President with regard to the appointment of whom among the following?

A. Election Commissioners

B. Chairman and members of the UPSC

C. Chairman and members of the Finance Commission

D. All of the above

7. With reference to the powers enjoyed by the Prime Minister which of the following is incorrect?

A. He advises the President with regard to summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament.

B. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time.

C. He can recommend dissolution of the Rajya Sabha to President at any time.

D. He announces government policies on the floor of the House.

8. As per the Supreme Court judgement, any non-member of the either houses can be appointed as Prime Minister but within how much of duration he/she has to became a member of either houses?

A. Two months

B. Four months

C. Six months

D. One year

9. Consider the following constitutional provisions regarding the Council of Ministers in Indian Constitution:

  1. There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.

  2. President may require the Council of Ministers to reconsider such advice and the President shall act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconsideration.

  3. The advice tendered by Ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. All of the above

10. With reference to the constitutional provisions provided to Council of Ministers by Indian Constitution which of the following is correct?

A. The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

B. The total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. The provision was added by the 91st Amendment Act of 2003.

C. A member of either house of Parliament belonging to any political party who is disqualified on the ground of defection shall also be disqualified to be appointed as a minister.

D. All of the above

11. Consider the following statements regarding the conduct of business of the Government of India:

  1. All executive action of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the President.

  2. Orders and other instruments made and executed in the name of the President shall be authenticated in such manner as may be specified in rules to be made by the President.

  3. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. All of the above

12. Consider the following statements regarding the nature of advice by ministers to the President:

  1. Article 74 provides for a council of ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advice the President in the exercise of his functions.

  2. The 42nd and 44th Constitutional Amendment Acts have made the advice binding on the President.

  3. The nature of advice tendered by ministers to the President can be enquired by any court.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. All of the above

13. Consider the following statements regarding the appointment of ministers:

  1. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, while the other ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

  2. A person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can also be appointed as a minister.

  3. A minister who is a member of one House of Parliament has the right to speak and to take part in the proceedings of the other House also, but he can vote only in the House of which he is a member.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. All of the above

14. Consider the following statements regarding oath of the ministers:

  1. Before a minister enters upon his office, the president administers to him the oaths of office and secrecy.

  2. In his oath of secrecy, the minister swears that he will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person(s) any matter that is brought under his consideration.

  3. In 1990, the oath by Devi Lal as deputy prime minister was challenged as being unconstitutional as the Constitution provides only for the Prime Minister and ministers.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. All of the above

15. Consider the following statements regarding the salary of ministers:

  1. A minister gets the salary and allowances that are payable to a Member of Parliament.

  2. Additionally, he gets a sumptuary allowance (according to his rank), free accommodation, travelling allowance, medical facilities, etc.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. Only 2

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

16. Consider the following statements regarding the collective responsibility of ministers:

  1. Article 75 clearly states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.

  2. When the Lok Sabha passes a no-confidence motion against the council of ministers, all the ministers have to resign including those ministers who are from the Rajya Sabha.

  3. The council of ministers can advise the president to dissolve the Lok Sabha on the ground that the House does not represent the views of the electorate faithfully and call for fresh elections.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

A. Only 1

B. Only 2

C. Both 1 and 2

D. All the above

ANSWERS

1. A

  • The Constitution does not contain any specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. Article 75 says only that the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the president. However, this does not imply that the president is free to appoint any one as the Prime Minister.

2. D

3. C

  • In 1997, the Supreme Court held that a person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can be appointed as Prime Minister for six months, within which, he should become a member of either House of Parliament; otherwise, he ceases to be the Prime Minister.

  • Constitutionally, the Prime Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of parliament. For example, three Prime Ministers, Indira Gandhi (1966), Deve Gowda (1996) and Manmohan Singh (2004), were members of the Rajya Sabha. In Britain, on the other hand, the Prime Minister should definitely be a member of the Lower House (House of Commons).

4. D

5. C

  • Since the Prime Minister stands at the head of the council of ministers, the other ministers cannot function when the Prime Minister resigns or dies. In other words, the resignation or death of an incumbent Prime Minister automatically dissolves the council of ministers and thereby generates a vacuum. The resignation or death of any other minister, on the other hand, merely creates a vacancy which the Prime Minister may or may not like to fill.

6. D

7. C

  • The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House. In this capacity, he enjoys the following powers:

  • He advises the President with regard to summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament.

  • He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time.

  • He announces government policies on the floor of the House.

8. C

9. D

10. D

11. D

  • All executive action of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the President. Orders and other instruments made and executed in the name of the President shall be authenticated in such manner as may be specified in rules to be made by the President.

  • Further, the validity of an order or instrument which is so authenticated shall not be called in question on the ground that it is not an order or instrument made or executed by the President. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.

12. B

  • Article 74 provides for a council of ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advice the President in the exercise of his functions. The 42nd and 44th Constitutional Amendment Acts have made the advice binding on the President.

  • Further, the nature of advice tendered by ministers to the President cannot be enquired by any court. This provision emphasises the intimate and the confidential relationship between the President and the ministers.

13. D

14. D

  • In 1990, the oath by Devi Lal as deputy prime minister was challenged as being unconstitutional as the Constitution provides only for the Prime Minister and ministers.

  • The Supreme Court upheld the oath as valid and stated that describing a person as Deputy Prime Minister is descriptive only and such description does not confer on him any powers of Prime Minister.

  • It ruled that the description of a minister as Deputy Prime Minister or any other type of minister such as minister of state or deputy minister of which there is no mention in the Constitution does not vitiate the oath taken by him so long as the substantive part of the oath is correct.

15. C

16. D

  • The fundamental principle underlying the working of parliamentary system of government is the principle of collective responsibility. Article 75 clearly states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. This means that all the ministers own joint responsibility to the Lok Sabha for all their acts of omission and commission. They work as a team and swim or sink together.

  • When the Lok Sabha passes a no-confidence motion against the council of ministers, all the ministers have to resign including those ministers who are from the Rajya Sabha. Alternatively, the council of ministers can advise the president to dissolve the Lok Sabha on the ground that the House does not represent the views of the electorate faithfully and call for fresh elections. The President may not oblige the council of ministers that has lost the confidence of the Lok Sabha.

 

 

 

Related Posts
TEST 01: GEOGRAPHY
Syllabus: Introduction, Solar system and Interiors of the earth.  Q1. Which of the following are correctly matched? a) The moon- The big Splat theory b) Origin of universe- The Big Bang theory c) Evolution of ...
READ MORE
1. Consider the following statement about Fiscal Deficit Fiscal deficit is expressed as a percentage of the Nominal GDP of India Fiscal deficit allows for the shortfall in the income ...
READ MORE
Syllabus: Emergency Provisions 1. With reference to the Emergency provisions, which of the statements is incorrect? A. During an Emergency, the Central government becomes all powerful and the states go into the ...
READ MORE
TEST 03: GEOGRAPHY Syllabus:distribution of oceans and continents,minerals and rocks Q1. Who amongst the following was the first to consider the possibility of Europe, Africa and America having been located side by ...
READ MORE
Syllabus : Environmental Pollution 1. Consider the following statements: Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is the total measurement of all chemicals (organics & in-organics) in the water Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is ...
READ MORE
1.Consider the statements regarding Bio-sequestration: Bio-sequestration is an artificial process that captures and stores the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide by biological processes Bio-sequestration is a natural process responsible for ...
READ MORE
Syllabus: Inflation 1. Which among the following correctly describes skewflation in an economy? (a) It refers to a situation of inflation combined with a slow growth rate and a relatively high ...
READ MORE
Syllabus: preamble, salient features of constitution, formation of states 1.Which of the following is true about preamble? It is not enforceable by courts. It is part of constitution. Preamble enshrines narrow ...
READ MORE
Test 5: Economy
1. Which of the following Industries is considered strategic Public Sector enterprise? Railways Atomic Energy Arms and Ammunition Petroleum Industries Choose the answer from the following code (A) Only 1 and 4 (B) ...
READ MORE
TEST 01: ECONOMY Syllabus: National income 1. Consider the following statements: 1. GNP=GDP + Net factor income from abroad 2. Net National Product at factor cost is “National Income” 3. National Disposable Income=Net National product ...
READ MORE
TEST 01: GEOGRAPHY
TEST 03: ECONOMY
TEST 07: INDIAN POLITY AND CONSTITUTION
TEST 03: GEOGRAPHY
TEST 03: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
TEST 05: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
TEST 04: ECONOMY
TEST 03: INDIAN POLITY AND CONSTITUTION
Test 5: Economy
TEST 01: ECONOMY

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *