The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting

  • The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (Chogm), held every two years, was held in Malta
  • It is an association of 53 independent nations

  • The countries of the Commonwealth represent nearly one-third of the world’s population.
  • As its heads of government gathered in Malta, there were pressing matters to consider.
  • Countering violent extremism is a priority; so too is climate change, the effects of which are a particular threat to low-lying territories in the Pacific.
  • And a few days short of the Paris conference on global warming, French President Francois Hollande is breaking off from his domestic security challenges to address Commonwealth leaders on the need for decisive action on global warming.
  • Because its membership includes industrialised G7 powers like Britain and Canada, emerging giants like India and tiny island microstates such as the Maldives, agreement in the Commonwealth has historically boded well for deals being struck beyond its bounds.
Highlights
  • Though global warming topped the agenda at the 2015 summit, world leaders also tackled the hot-button issues of extremism, corruption and migration.
  1. Climate change
  • A climate change agreement signed by the Commonwealth has made clinching a deal at the upcoming Paris COP21 talks more likely
  • They pledged to demand an “ambitious” and legally binding outcome from the world climate change summit in Paris
  • The organisation said it was confident its agreement would “put the global community on track towards low-emission and climate-resilient societies and economies.
  • It launched a Climate Finance Access Hub aimed at smaller island states that want to get access to funds to mitigate against the effects of climate change, with Australia, Britain, Canada and India pledging billions of dollars (euros).
  1. Extremism
  • UK Prime Minister David Cameron has pledged to set up a Commonwealth unit to target the extremism and pledged £5m to help fund the unit. Mr Cameron has pledged £1m funding annually, for five years, to help set up the unit
  • He also pledged another £200,000 for expanding a European counter-radicalisation youth programme to include the Commonwealth. It will try and prevent young people from becoming radicalised, primarily through education and civil society networks.
  • The group of nations has a vital role to play in tackling terrorism. Its civil society and education networks make it particularly well placed to complement international efforts to build counter narratives to this poisonous extremist ideology.
  • In a bid to tackle the rise of violent extremism, the organisation said it was “imperative to counter the use of the Internet by extremist groups to radicalise and recruit fighters.”
  1. Migration
  • The Malta summit emphasised the link between global warming and migration, warning that “worsening impacts of climate change will increase climate-induced migration” — meaning wealthy nations will be increasingly affected by the fate of developing countries.
  • While the movement of peoples could deliver economic and social benefits, the Commonwealth said it was “deeply concerned” by the increase in flows of refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants and it was committed to “responding decisively”.
  1. Corruption
  • The leaders also discussed combating corruption — with British Prime Minister David Cameron insisting it was linked to radicalisation — and promised “enhanced transparency and collaboration among law enforcement bodies”.
  1. Trade finanace facility
  • Sri Lanka, India, Malta and Mauritius have come together to establish a Commonwealth Trade Finance Facility to boost trade and investment flows, particularly for developing nations of the Commonwealth.
  • The four countries have inked the document, Declaration of Intent, as anchor investors at the Summit
  • The facility, structured as a guarantee fund, will cover risk for providers of trade credit in financial institutions of Commonwealth countries. It seeks to stimulate lending by major banks to smaller banks in member states and reduce risk.
  • The fund, voluntary in nature, hopes to attract start-up capital of $ 20 million. It will provide member countries facing trade challenges with the funds.
  • It is estimated for every dollar invested, the fund will generate $ 20
Related Posts
India near bottom of intellectual property index
India was ranked 37 out of 38 countries, with only Venezuela scoring lower, in the U.S. Chamber of Commerce-International Intellectual Property Index. The report, comes at a time when the government ...
READ MORE
The Forum on China–Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) is an official forum between the People's Republic of China and the states in Africa. There have been five summits held to date, The 6th forum ...
READ MORE
India and Seychelles
The first training squadron entered Port Victoria, Seychelles today 01 Oct 15 as part of their Overseas Deployment during Autumn Term 15. The ships shall remain in harbor till 04 ...
READ MORE
The year 2016 marks an end of the era of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which drove the global development agenda since the new millennium. The MDGs have paved the way for ...
READ MORE
Rebooting ties with Iran- Modi’s visit to Iran
Rebooting ties with Iran Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Tehran on May 22-23 will be an important marker in New Delhi’s attempt to instill momentum in bilateral ties. India's interests in ...
READ MORE
Don't know what international solar alliance is ...??? Then click here for a background for this article. Else read away merrily.... Developments in ISA till now :- The International Solar Alliance (ISA) was ...
READ MORE
Britain grants first licence for genetic modification of embryos
Britain grants first licence for genetic modification of embryos Britain granted its first licence for the genetic modification of human embryos as part of research into infertility and why miscarriages happen, ...
READ MORE
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2015
Denmark the least corrupt country, India at 76th position India has climbed nine points to rank 76th in this year’s global corruption index topped by Denmark, with watchdog Transparency International calling ...
READ MORE
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development They are an intergovernmental set of aspiration Goals with 169 targets. The Goals are contained in ...
READ MORE
Astronomers in US have observed for first time a planet taking shape out of microscopic dust particles 450 light years from Earth the star is LkCa 15, a two million—year—old star ...
READ MORE
India near bottom of intellectual property index
Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
India and Seychelles
SDG 3: big agenda, big opportunities for India
Rebooting ties with Iran- Modi’s visit to Iran
Can the international solar alliance change the game?
Britain grants first licence for genetic modification of
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2015
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Astronomers watch the birth of a new planet