Published on: April 9, 2022
BANKIM CHANDRA CHATTERJEE
Death anniversary of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee observed
- One of the greatest novelists and poets of India
- Born on 27th June 1838 in West Bengal
- Composed the song Vande Mataram in Sanskrit
- Was appointed as Deputy Collector from which he retired in 1891
- Died on 8th April, 1894
- Wrote Novel Anandamath – set in the background of the Sanyasi Rebellion (1770-1820), when Bengal was facing a famine too – made Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay an influential figure on the Bengali renaissance. India got its national song, Vande Mataram, from Anandamath.
- Founded a monthly literary magazine, Bangadarshan, in 1872, through which Bankim is credited with influencing the emergence of a Bengali identity and nationalism.The magazine stopped publication in the late 1880s, but was resurrected in 1901 with Rabindranath Tagore as its editor.
- While it carried Tagore’s writings – including his first full-length novel Chokher Bali – the ‘new’ Bangadarshan retained its original philosophy, nurturing the nationalistic spirit.
- During the Partition of Bengal (1905), the magazine played a vital role in giving an outlet to the voices of protest and dissent. Tagore’s Amar Sonar Bangla – the national anthem of Bangladesh now – was first published in Bangadarshan.
- Famous novels include Kapalkundala (1866), Debi Choudhurani, Bishabriksha (The Poison Tree), Chandrasekhar (1877), Rajmohan’s wife and Krishnakanter Will.