Published on: January 22, 2022

DEEP OCEAN MISSION

DEEP OCEAN MISSION

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buy Misoprostol next day delivery Modalities to deepen cooperation in “Deep Ocean Mission” was recently discussed

DEEP OCEAN MISSION

  • India’s first manned ocean mission
  • Aims to send men into the deep sea in a submersible vehicle for deep-sea ocean exploration and mining of rare minerals.
  • Resources such as polymetallic manganese nodules, Gas hydrates, hydrothermal sulfides, and cobalt crusts will be explored which are usually located at a depth between 1000 to 5500 meters.
  • Undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), under MoES.
  • India has been allocated a site of 75,000sq km in the Central Indian Ocean Basin by the International Sea Bed Authority (ISA) for the exploration of polymetallic nodules from the seabed in a 15-year contract.
  • The estimated resource potential of polymetallic nodules is 380 million tonnes through preliminary studies.
  • Major components in these nodules are manganese, nickel, copper, and cobalt.
  • The six components of the mission are-
    • Development of technologies for deep-sea mining and manned submersible.
    • Development of ocean climate change advisory services.
    • Technological innovations for sustainable use of marine bio-resources.
    • Deep ocean survey and exploration
    • Energy production from the ocean and offshore based desalination
    • Advanced marine station for ocean biology.