Published on: October 19, 2022

Gambia child deaths and cough syrups

Gambia child deaths and cough syrups

http://nonprofit-success.com/motivational/are-you-doing-whats-important/ Why in news?

buy Gabapentin 100mg uk Gambia’s Health Minister Ahmadou Lamin Samateh said that the number of child deaths likely linked to contaminated cough syrups made by an Indian manufacturer

Highlights

  • There was a link between dozens of child deaths from acute kidney injuries and the consumption of a paracetamol syrup used for fever, cough, cold, and pain
  • The Gambia started coordinating with the World Health Organization (WHO) about the incidents and reported four locally-sold cough syrups it suspected could be linked to the injuries and deaths
  • WHO issued a medical alert about four substandard products “that fail to meet either their quality standards or specification whose manufacturer was listed as Maiden Pharmaceuticals Limited, Haryana, India
  • The alert added that the products mentioned were unsafe and their use, especially in children, could result in serious injury or death
  • The WHO further specified that its laboratory analysis of samples of each of the four products had confirmed that they contained “unacceptable amounts” of two “contaminants” — diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol

What are these toxic chemicals?

  • diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol are illegal adulterants that may be used as solvents in liquid medication.
  • Common solvents such as glycerine (also known as glycerol) and propylene glycol are used incough syrups to provide a liquid base to non-water-soluble paracetamol or acetaminophen these solvents also act as preservatives, thickeners, sweeteners, and antimicrobial agents
  • In order to cut expenses and due to the solubility of compounds like diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol, manufacturers may sometimes substitute it for non-toxic solvents such as glycerine or propylene glycol or comparatively cheaper commercial grade versions of these solvents which may contain diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol, potentially resulting in contamination.