Published on: December 9, 2022

Gamma Ray Burst

Gamma Ray Burst

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buy generic modafinil online uk Photometric observations taken with the 3.6 m Devasthal Optical Telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst’

Highlights:

  • The prompt emission (initial gamma-ray emission) of GRBs are automatically discovered by space-based gamma-ray missions such as NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, and India’s AstroSat.

What is Gamma Ray burst(GRBs)?

  • GRBs are powerful astronomical cosmic bursts of high-energy gamma-ray.
  • It emits more energy in a few seconds than our Sun will emit in its lifetime
  • They has two distinct emission phases:
  1. The short-lived prompt emission (the initial burst phase that emits gamma-rays)
  2. Followed by a long-lived multi-wavelength afterglow phase.
  • The prompt emission discovered by space-based gamma-ray missions such as NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, and India’s AstroSat.

What is Kilonova emission?

  • In recent years, scientists have discovered a special phenomenon called a kilonova of visible and infrared light with short-period GRBs, also known as a potential source of gravitational waves.
  • It has been hypnotized that the heat produced by the radioactive decay of heavier elements may emit kilonova.
  • This process also produces heavier elements, such as gold and platinum.
  • Observing kilonovas at near-infrared wavelengths is technically challenging, and only a few telescopes on earth, can detect
  • 3.6-meter Devasthal Optical Telescope of the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), can detect kilonova and gravitational wave objects at these wavelengths upto faint limits.