INDIAS FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION
Shrīrangapattana What is in news : India’s total foodgrain production has hit a record high of 308.65 million tonnes (MT) for 2020-21 as the rabi foodgrain output exceeded the target, according to the fourth advance estimate of production released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
Abū Ghurayb MAHITI FOR PRELIMS
Major crops can be classified into-
- Food crops-Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize and Pulses.
- Cash crops-Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Horticulture crops, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute.
|S. No||Cropping Season||Time Period||Crops||States|
|Wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard etc.||Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh|
|Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean etc.||Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra|
|3.||Zaid||Sown and harvested: March-July
(between Rabi and Kharif)
|Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops etc.||Most of the northern and northwestern states|