Published on: August 12, 2021

INDIAS FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION

INDIAS FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION

Shrīrangapattana What is in news : India’s total foodgrain production has hit a record high of 308.65 million tonnes (MT) for 2020-21 as the rabi foodgrain output exceeded the target, according to the fourth advance estimate of production released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare

Abū Ghurayb MAHITI FOR PRELIMS

Major crops can be classified into-

  • Food crops-Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize and Pulses.
  • Cash crops-Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Horticulture crops, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute.

CROPPING SEASONS

S. No Cropping Season Time Period Crops States
1. Rabi Sown: October-December
Harvested: April-June
Wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard etc. Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh
2. Kharif Sown: June-July
Harvested: September-October
Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean etc. Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra
3. Zaid Sown and harvested: March-July
(between Rabi and Kharif)
Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops etc. Most of the northern and northwestern states