INFLATION IN INDIA
INFLATION IN INDIA
India’s retail inflation accelerated past the 6% mark in January to hit 6.01%, breaching the central bank’s tolerance threshold for consumer price inflation for the first time since June 2021.
WHAT IS INFLATION – Situation where there is sustained, unchecked increase in the general price level and a fall in the purchasing power of money
WHAT CAUSES INFLATION – (1) Increase in demand (2) Reduced supply
HOW IS IT DETERMINED – There are different indices in India like Wholesale Price Index(WPI), Consumer Price Index(CPI) etc which measure inflation rates in India.
WHO DETERMINES INFLATION IN INDIA – Reserve Bank of India through Monetary Policy Committee ( MPC )
HOW IS INFLATION TACKLED –
- Both government and central bank (Reserve Bank) try to tackle inflation with their policies which are known as Fiscal and Monetary Policies respectively.
- Fiscal policies correspond to tax related measures taken by government to control inflation (money supply).
- RBI through its various monetary policies limit the money supply by altering rates like CRR, Repo, Reverse Repo etc
- Administrative measures taken by government like strengthening of Public Distribution System also plays a crucial role in curbing inflation.
INFLATION TARGETING BY MPC
- WHAT IS INFLATION TARGETING – Monetary policy framework wherein the Central Bank of a country focuses only on maintaining the rate of Inflation within a targeted range.
- Inflation targeting was first adopted by New Zeeland
- In case of India
- Inflation targeting was introduced through the Monetary Policy Framework Agreement signed between the RBI and Government in 2015.
- As per terms of the agreement, RBI’s primary objective would be to maintain price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth.
- The RBI is required to maintain rate of inflation of 4% with a deviation of 2% i.e. inflation has to be maintained between 2% to 6%