Published on: November 9, 2023

Makali Beru

Makali Beru

Why in news?  Makali Beru is cultivated by local farmers of MM hills  with the support  Karnataka State forest department


  • Roots was on the verge of extinction due to illegal harvesting in the forests of the Male Mahadeshwara Hills (MM Hills) wildlife division in Chamarajanagar.


  • The department has involved the Large-scale Adivasi Multipurpose Primary Society of MM Hills to make sure that the harvesting of the medicinally important root is done legally
  • Forest department is using the royalty earned, as per the National Biodiversity Act, from the Ayurvedic medicine manufacturers to provide free saplings to farmers.
  • The cultivation of ‘Makali Beru’ by farmers will prevent the smuggling of the root and also help farmers earn revenue

About Makali Beru

  • It is endemic to Peninsular India
  • IUCN status : Endangered
  • Large quantities of ‘makali beru’ were once found in the surroundings of Bannerghatta, BR Hills, MM Hills and other areas in the Cauvery basin. Unchecked extraction and mining have completely destroyed them
  • Plant root is used in Ayurvedic medicines and for use in pickles and to make sharbat
  • Root contains antioxidants and extraction methods for it have been patented.
  • Crop is being looked at as an alternative to sugarcane and other crops, which wild animals usually raid.