Published on: July 18, 2021

PRE-PACKAGED INSOLVENCY RESOLUTION PROCESS (PIRP)

PRE-PACKAGED INSOLVENCY RESOLUTION PROCESS (PIRP)

Cumbum What is in news : The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2021, passed by Lok Sabha has proposed ‘pre-packs’ as an insolvency resolution mechanism for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).

Namanyere What are Pre Packs :

  • A resolution of the debt of a distressed company through a direct agreement between secured creditors and the existing owners or outside investors, instead of a public bidding process.
  • Popular mechanism for insolvency resolution in the United Kingdom and Europe over the past decade

How does it work:

  • Financial creditors will agree to terms with the promoters or a potential investor, and seek approval of the resolution plan from the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).
  • The approval of at least 66 per cent of financial creditors that are unrelated to the corporate debtor would be required before a resolution plan is submitted to the NCLT.
  • The NCLTs will be required to either accept or reject an application for a pre-pack insolvency proceeding before considering a petition for a CIRP.
  • Why is it introduced in India : Providing MSMEs with an opportunity to restructure their liabilities and start with a clean slate while still providing adequate protections so that the system is not misused by firms to avoid making payments to creditors.

Drawback :

  • Allow for a ‘Swiss challenge’ to any resolution plan that provides less than full recovery of dues for operational creditors.
  • Under the Swiss challenge mechanism, any third party would be permitted to submit a resolution plan for the distressed company, and the original applicant would have to either match the improved resolution plan or forego the investment.