Published on: December 9, 2021

SPECIES EXTINCT IN THE WILD

SPECIES EXTINCT IN THE WILD

http://simplecommunion.com/2013/08/the-one-thing-you-must-do-rumi/ NEWS

unsmilingly Two species of plants first collected by botanists more than 125 years ago from Meghalaya and the Andaman Islands are now extinct in the wild

ABOUT

  • Classified under the genus Boesenbergia, the species belong to the family of Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants.
  • Boesenbergia rubrolutea was first collected from the Khasi Hills, Thera, in Meghalaya on October 10, 1886.
  • Specimens of Boesenbergia albolutea were collected from the Andamans and sent to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, in 1889.
  • Possible reasons for their disappearance include climate change, human interference and overexploitation or natural calamities

MAHITI FOR PRELIMS

IUCN RED LIST

  • Full name – IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List)
  • Founded in 1964
  • World’s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species (Animal, fungus and plant species).
  • Authority – International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  • Updated at least twice per year
  • Categories in the IUCN red list:
    • Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining.
    • Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
    • Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
    • Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild.
    • Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild.
    • Near threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered soon.
    • Least concern (LC) – Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    • Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to assess its risk of extinction.
    • Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria