Bandipur Tiger Reserve
Why in news?
state’s first ‘project tiger’ at Karnataka’s Bandipur tiger reserve is celebrating its golden jubilee
- In 1972, ‘Project Tiger’ was implemented in the tiger reserves of the entire country, including Bandipur, to save tigers, whose numbers were dwindling.
- On November 16, 1973, the then Chief Minister D Devaraj Urs launched Project Tiger in Bandipur.
- Bandipur has the country’s highest elephants.
About Bandipur Tiger Reserve
- Location : Chamarajanagar and Mysuru district of Karnataka. It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
- Known as eco– tourism destination
- Biomes : Dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrublands.
- River: Flanked by the Kabini river in the north and the Moyar river in the south. The Nugu river runs through the park.
- The highest point in the park is on a hill called Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta
- Challenges: National Highways NH-181 and NH-766 pass through, man-animal conflicts,forest fires,poaching, Park is haunted by lantana plants and 60% of the forest is covered with weed.
- The programme launched in April 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s tenure.
- Aims at ensuring a viable population of the Bengal tiger in its natural habitats, protecting it from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage that represent the diversity of ecosystems
- Monitoring system: M-STrIPES was developed to assist patrol and protect tiger habitats
- Administered Authority : National Tiger Conservation Authority
The various tiger reserves were created in the country based on the ‘core-buffer’ strategy:
- Core area: The core areas are free of all human activities. It has the legal status of a national park or wildlife sanctuary
- Buffer areas: the buffer areas are subjected to ‘conservation-oriented land use’. They comprise forest and non-forest land for habitation