Published on: December 1, 2021
BORDER SECURITY FORCE
On 1 December 1965, India’s first line of defense, the Border Security Force (BSF) was formed.
- Sentinels of Indian borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
- K F Rustamji, IPS was the first chief and the founding father of the organization.
- Under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.
- Has an air wing, marine wing, commando units and artillery regiments.
- Was created by merging various State Armed Police Battalions for achieving a better coordinated synergy between the border guarding functions in peace time and fighting the war during the eventuality on both Western and Eastern fronts.
- Deployed on Indo-Pakistan International Border, Indo-Bangladesh International Border, Line of Control (LoC) along with Indian Army and in Anti-Naxal Operations.
- Has proven its credentials during various counter insurgency and anti-militancy operations, internal security duties, natural calamities etc.
- One of the five Central Armed Police Forces of Union of India under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- Mandated with guarding India’s land border during peacetime and preventing transnational crime.
- World’s largest border guarding force.
- The ethos: “Any task, any time, any where”.
- Motto is “Jeevan Paryant Kartavya” meaning “Duty Unto Death”.
- During peacetime:
- Promoting a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.
- Preventing smuggling and other illegal activities along the border.
- Preventing trans-border crimes including unauthorized entry into or exit from India.
- Engaging in anti-infiltration.
- Collecting trans-border intelligence.
- During wartime:
- Defending the assigned sectors.
- Engaging in limited aggressive action against enemy forces.
- Maintaining law and order in enemy territory under army’s control.
- Acting as guides to the army in border areas.
- Guarding POW camps.
- Controlling refugees.
- Providing escort.
- Performing special tasks related to intelligence including raids.