Published on: December 24, 2022

Centrally protected monuments

Centrally protected monuments

Why in news? Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of Centrally Protected Monuments that have been encroached upon, closely followed by Tamil Nadu


  • Uttar Pradesh also has the largest number of Centrally Protected monuments in the country at 743, while Tamil Nadu has 412.
  • Karnataka and Maharashtra are third and fourth with 48 and 46 such monuments, respectively, hosting encroachments. Gujarat has 35 protected monuments that have been invaded.
  • India has a total of 3,695 Centrally Protected Monuments or Sites in the country, under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

How are  monuments are Protected?

  • The monuments are regularly inspected by the ASI officials to assess their present condition and necessary conservation and preservation works are taken up as per the requirement
  • Filing police complaints, issuing show-cause notices to defaulters for the removal and issuing demolition orders to the Collector for the demolition or removal of the said encroachments.

How this monuments are regulated ?

  • Regulates construction around the protected monuments through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Act, 2010.
  • The Act prohibits construction within 100 metres of a protected monument.
  • The next 300-metre radius is regulated too.
  • Proposed amendments seek to do away with the ban on construction within 100 metres of a monument and only regulate construction within 100-200 metres, under the Act that protects monuments and sites over 100 years old.