Published on: December 24, 2022
Centrally protected monuments
Why in news? Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of Centrally Protected Monuments that have been encroached upon, closely followed by Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh also has the largest number of Centrally Protected monuments in the country at 743, while Tamil Nadu has 412.
- Karnataka and Maharashtra are third and fourth with 48 and 46 such monuments, respectively, hosting encroachments. Gujarat has 35 protected monuments that have been invaded.
- India has a total of 3,695 Centrally Protected Monuments or Sites in the country, under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
How are monuments are Protected?
- The monuments are regularly inspected by the ASI officials to assess their present condition and necessary conservation and preservation works are taken up as per the requirement
- Filing police complaints, issuing show-cause notices to defaulters for the removal and issuing demolition orders to the Collector for the demolition or removal of the said encroachments.
How this monuments are regulated ?
- Regulates construction around the protected monuments through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Act, 2010.
- The Act prohibits construction within 100 metres of a protected monument.
- The next 300-metre radius is regulated too.
- Proposed amendments seek to do away with the ban on construction within 100 metres of a monument and only regulate construction within 100-200 metres, under the Act that protects monuments and sites over 100 years old.