Published on: November 11, 2021
CORINGA WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
Conservation biologists of the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehradun, will collaring 10 fishing cats in the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) in Andhra Pradesh
ABOUT FISHING CATS
- Feline with a powerful build and stocky legs.
- Twice the size of a typical house cat and is nocturnal in nature.
- An adept swimmer and enters water frequently to prey on fish.
- Apart from fish, it also preys on frogs, crustaceans, snakes, birds and scavenges on carcasses of larger animals.
- State animal of West Bengal.
- On IUCN red list, it is classified as ‘Vulnerable’.
- On Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) lists, it is placed in Appendix II part of Article IV.
- In India,it is included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and thereby protected from hunting.
- Wetlands are the favourite habitats
- Mainly found in the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans, on the foothills of the Himalayas along the Ganga and Brahmaputra river valleys and in the Western Ghats.
ABOUT CORINGA WLS
- Estuary situated in Andhra Pradesh.
- 18 km from the port city of Kakinada, nestling on the deltaic branches of Gouthami and Godavari Rivers at Kakinada Bay.
- Part of the Godavari estuary.
- Flora: It has extensive mangrove and dry deciduous tropical forest. It is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India.
- Fauna: It is home to the critically endangered white-backed vulture and the long-billed vulture.
- Possesses a wide variety of birds, because of the feed available in the backwaters of the mangrove forest.
- During low tide, some of the areas are exposed (elevated mud flats) having small fishes, shrimps and mollusks. These attract avifauna for feeding.
- Some critically endangered species like the white-backed vulture and the long-billed vulture are present in the sanctuary.
- The sanctuary has an 18-km long sand pit where olive ridley sea turtles’ nest from January to March every year.