Published on: May 30, 2022

CRIMEAN-CONGO HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER

CRIMEAN-CONGO HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER

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CRIMEAN-CONGO HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER

  • Viral haemorrhagic fever
  • Usually transmitted by ticks
  • Contracted through contact with viraemic animal tissues (animal tissue where the virus has entered the bloodstream) during and immediately post-slaughter of animals
  • Outbreaks has a high case fatality ratio (10-40%)
  • Endemic in all of Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and in Asia
  • First described in the Crimea in 1944
  • In 1969 it was recognized that the pathogen causing Crimean haemorrhagic fever was the same as that responsible for an illness identified in 1956 in the Congo
  • Transmitted by ticks, hosts of the virus include both wild and farmed animals such as buffalo, cattle, goats and sheep