Published on: August 7, 2021
DECENTRALIZED BIOMEDICAL WASTE INCINERATOR
What is in news: Principal Scientific Adviser, Prof. K. Vijay Raghavan, virtually inaugurated a decentralized biomedical waste incinerator at Buxar in Bihar.
- Developed by Ganesh Engineering Works
- Selected through Biomedical Waste Treatment Innovation Challenge that was launched in June 2020
- Developed under the Innovation challenge organised under Waste to Wealth Mission.
- Portable, forced draft incinerator
- Capability to handle 50 kg of biomedical waste made of cotton, plastic, or similar materials per hour
- Has provision of waste heat recovery
- Waste to Wealth Mission: This mission is one among nine scientific missions of Science, Technology, and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) of Prime Minister. It is spearheaded by the Office of Principal Scientific Adviser to Government of India.
- Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.
- Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas and heat.
- The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste, and may take the form of solid lumps or particulates carried by the flue gas.
- In some cases, the heat generated by incineration can be used to generate electric power.
- Incineration with energy recovery is one of several waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies such as gasification, pyrolysis and anaerobic digestion.