Why in news? The Karnataka State Health Department, in association with NIMHANS and Dementia India Alliance (DIA), is set to launch a ‘Karnataka State Dementia Action Plan’.
- While a National Dementia Action Plan is yet to be formulated, Karnataka is working on making dementia a health priority.
- Policy aims to involve a multi-stakeholder consortium including government departments, philanthropists and CSR partners
Why there is a need for action plan ?
- Recent estimates reveal a dementia prevalence rate of 7.4% among those aged 60 years and above, translating to nearly 9 lakh Indians currently living with dementia.
- In Karnataka, the prevalence of this neurodegenerative brain disease is estimated to be around 5%, affecting approximately 3.5 lakh individuals
What are the other programmes by state?
- Karnataka Brain Health Initiative and Non-Communicable Disease Control Programme to address the Neuro degenerative disorder
What is Dementia?
- Dementia is an “umbrella category” for loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that are severe enough to interfere with daily life.
- Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia.
- It will have progressive and irreversible loss of neurons and brain functioning
- Dementia is considered a late-life disease because it tends to develop mostly in people of older age.
What are the risk factors involved in Dementia?
- The risk factors include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, infrequent social contact, head injuries, and conditions including diabetes, hearing loss, depression, obesity, and hypertension.