Published on: October 27, 2023

Dogra architecture

Dogra architecture

Why in news? Maharaj Gunj market of Dogra architecture at Jammu and Kashmir gets a revival project


  • Srinagar’s Maharaj Gunj market has rare architectural elements introduced in Kashmir by Dogra Hindu kings between 1846 and 1947.
  • Srinagar Smart City Limited and the Kashmir chapter of the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) together works for the project
  • Vernacular elements of Kashmiri architecture, like colonnaded walkways, decorative pilasters, and exposed moulded brickwork are its main architectural features

About Maharaj Gunj Market

  • It was established by Maharaja Ranbir Singh to provide fillip to Kashmir’s trade and commerce
  • Located in the heart of Shehar-e-Khaas, the interior of Srinagar’s old city on the banks of river Jhelum
  • It has a rich mix of vernacular and colonial architecture
  • Market once housed Khatri businesspeople, who introduced a trading lifestyle to the city

About Dogra architecture

  • Dogra architecture were constructed by Dogra Hindu kings ruled over Jammu from 1846 and 1947


  • It will use local materials like wood, stone, and clay.
  • Elaborate wooden balconies ,often featuring intricate designs and patterns are a common feature in the construction of temples, palaces, and houses.
  • Dogra buildings have sloping roofs designed to withstand heavy snowfall during the winter months.
  • It is a mixed amalgation of Hindu, Islamic and Buddhist style of architecture
  • This architecture uses of ‘Nanakshahi bricks’ in lime mortar carry magnificent murals