What is in news : Global and regional estimates of Covid-19’s impact on routine childhood immunisation indicates unparalleled disruptions in delivery of vaccines against measles (MCV1) and diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough) (DTP3) — with 2020’s coverage likely falling in some regions to levels not seen in over a decade.
DTP vaccine: DPT vaccine combines diphtheria and tetanus toxoids adsorbed with pertussis vaccine consists of a sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution containing sodium phosphate buffer to control pH.
Will there be side effects : Yes and they can be treated
MAHITI FOR PRELIMS
Diptheria is a disease with a high fatality chance. Symptoms including a formation of a greyish membrane covering the tonsils and upper part of the throat, making breathing a difficult task.
This disease is commonly known as whooping cough, the name is derived from a typical cough which starts with a deep inhalation, followed by a series of quick, short coughs that continues until the air is expelled from the lungs, and ends with a long shrill, whooping inhalation. Being contagious, young children are the worst affected due to their still-developing immune systems.
Also known as lockjaw, this disease affects the central nervous system making motor functions difficult and causing painful muscle contractions. The disease is often fatal. MNT – Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus – is a variant that commonly occurs in newborns. Lack of access to pre and post-natal services are a major cause for the prevalence of MNT in India.