Published on: November 6, 2021

DYSLEXIA

DYSLEXIA

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ABOUT DYSLEXIA

  • Learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding)
  • Also called reading disability
  • People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and usually have normal vision
  • Most children with dyslexia can succeed in school with tutoring or a specialized education program. Emotional support also plays an important role.

ASSOCIATED DISABILITIES

  • Dysgraphia: A disorder involving difficulties with writing or typing, sometimes due to problems with eye–hand coordination; it also can impede direction- or sequence-oriented processes, such as tying knots or carrying out repetitive tasks. In dyslexia, dysgraphia is often multifactorial, due to impaired letter-writing automaticity, organizational and elaborative difficulties, and impaired visual word forming, which makes it more difficult to retrieve the visual picture of words required for spelling.[24]
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A disorder characterized by problems sustaining attention, hyperactivity, or acting impulsively. Dyslexia and ADHD commonly occur together. Approximately 15%or 12–24% of people with dyslexia have ADHD;and up to 35% of people with ADHD have dyslexia.
  • Auditory processing disorder: A listening disorder that affects the ability to process auditory information. This can lead to problems with auditory memory and auditory sequencing. Many people with dyslexia have auditory processing problems, and may develop their own logographic cues to compensate for this type of deficit. Some research suggests that auditory processing skills could be the primary shortfall in dyslexia.
  • Developmental coordination disorder: A neurological condition characterized by difficulty in carrying out routine tasks involving balance, fine-motor control, kinesthetic coordination, difficulty in the use of speech sounds, problems with short-term memory, and organization