Published on: October 29, 2021


ENTEROTOXEMIA What is in news : Enterotoxemia caused the death of 35 sheep in Shivamogga district recently

Ontinyent About :

  • Enterotoxemia
    • Is a bacterial disease in sheep and goats.
    • Strains— Clostridium Perfringens — are found in low numbers in the gastrointestinal tract of all sheep and goats.
    • when the number of Clostridium Perfringens explode, toxin is released which results in death.
  • Reasons behind triggering of the bacteria is the change of diet of the animal.
  • Signs
    • The animals may abruptly go off of feed and become lethargic.
    • Affected animals may show signs of stomach pain, such as kicking at their belly, repeatedly laying down and getting up, laying on their sides, panting, and crying out.
    • Diarrhea may develop; in some cases, there is blood visible in the loose stool.
    • Animals may lose the ability to stand, lay on their sides, and extend their legs, with their head and neck extended back over their withers.
    • This posture is caused by the effects of the toxins on the brain.
    • Death commonly occurs within minutes to hours after this sign is seen.
  • NOTE : Because enterotoxemia can progress so quickly, animals may be found dead with no previous signs of disease.
  • Treatment
    • May not be successful in severe cases.
    • Veterinarians treat mild cases with analgesics, probiotics (gels or pastes with “good bacteria), oral electrolyte solutions, and antisera, which is a solution of concentrated antibodies that neutralize the toxins that these bacteria produce
    • Severe cases may require intravenous fluids, antibiotic therapy, and other types of supportive care, such as supplemental oxygen.
    • Prevention of enterotoxemia is far more likely to be successful than trying to treat the disease