Published on: June 16, 2023

European Union’s AI Act

European Union’s AI Act

Why in news? The European Parliament has approved the bloc’s landmark rules for artificial intelligence, known as the EU AI Act, clearing a major hurdle for the first formal regulation of AI in the West to become law.


  • It is to adopt a key text forming the basis of a future law regulating artificial intelligence systems like ChatGPT, aiming to foster innovation in the technology.
  • If an agreement is reached by the end of the year, it would be the world’s first law regulating AI.
  • The law would regulate AI according to the level of risk: the higher the risk to individuals’ rights or health, for example, the greater the systems’ obligations.
  • The EU’s proposed high-risk list includes AI in critical infrastructure, education, human resources, public order and migration management.
  • There are also special requirements for generative AI systems — those such as ChatGPT and DALL-E capable of producing text, images, code, audio and other media — that include informing users that a machine, not a human, produced the content.

Lawmakers also proposed bans on AI systems that use biometric surveillance, emotion recognition and so-called predictive policing