Published on: July 5, 2022



Why in news?

The Karnataka State government has issued a circular ordering all higher educational institutions and institutions under the Department of Collegiate & Technical Education (DCTE) to ensure the success of the Union government’s Har Ghar Tiranga campaign.

Aim of the campaign:

  • The campaign aims at hoisting the national flag at all houses from August 11 to 17 to mark the platinum jubilee of Indian Independence.

Is the use, display and hoisting of the National Flag guided by any overarching set of instructions?

  • Yes – the ‘Flag Code of India 2002’

What is the Flag Code of India?

  • The Flag Code of India brings together all laws, conventions, practices, and instructions for the display of the National Flag. It governs the display of the National Flag by Private, Public, and Government Institutions. The Flag Code of India took effect on 26th January 2002.

Which material can be used to produce the National Flag?

  • The Flag Code of India, 2002 was amended vide Order dated 30th December, 2021 and National Flag made of polyester or machine made Flag have been allowed. Now, the National Flag shall be made of handspun and handwoven or machine-made, cotton/polyester/wool/silk/khadi bunting.

 What is the appropriate size and ratio of the National Flag?

As per Clause 1.3 and 1.4 of the Flag Code of India, the National Flag shall be rectangular in shape. The Flag can be of any size but the ratio of the length to the height (width) of the National Flag shall be 3:2