Published on: February 1, 2022




The Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysala — the famed Hoysala temples of Belur, Halebid and Somananthpura in the State — has been finalised as India’s nomination for consideration as World Heritage for 2022-23.


  • Background – They are on UNESCO’s Tentative list since 15th April, 2014
  • What happens next –
    • UNESCO will communicate back by early March
    • Site evaluation will happen in September /October 2022
    • Dossier will be taken up for consideration in July /August 2023.
  • What is World Heritage site – Place that is listed by UNESCO for its special cultural or physical significance
  • Who maintains the list – International ‘World Heritage Programme’, administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
  • Benefits –
    • Help maintain a legacy for the future.
    • Once a site is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, it is accepted as prima facie evidence that such a site is culturally sensitive and warrants legal protection pursuant to the Law of War under the Geneva Convention, its Articles, Protocols and Customs.


  • Built in the 12th-13th centuries
  • Represented by the three components of Belur, Halebid and Somnathapura
  • Attest to the creativity and skill of the Hoysala artists and architects
  • ‘Hoysala Temple’ form.
    • Have a basic Darvidian morphology
    • Show strong influences of
      • Bhumija mode widely used in Central India
      • Nagara traditions of northern and western India
      • Karntata Dravida modes favoured by the Kalyani Chalukyas
    • Hoysala architects made considered and informed eclectic selections of features from other temple typologies which they further modified and then complemented with their own particular innovations.
  • Hoysala temples are protected monuments of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and therefore conservation and maintenance will be done by ASI.
  • The District Master Plan of the state government will also incorporate the buffers of all monuments and build an integrated management plan.
  • State government will also look at the traffic management issues to be looked into especially around the designated property.