Published on: January 18, 2022



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Zābol Nepal questions on unilateral construction of roads at Lipulekh


  • Recent issue – India is working to expand the road to Lipulekh pass.
  • Background – In 2020, Nepal published as revised political map. The map incorporated the Limpiyadhura territories, especially the source of Kali river.
  • Sugauli treaty issue
    • Signed in 1816 by British India and Nepal signed a treaty.
    • Entire lowlands between rivers rapti and kali will belong to British India.
    • Treaty did not speak about the ridgeline
  • Root of the issue – Nepal claims Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura although they are controlled by India


  • Himalayan pass.
  • Near the Chinese trading town of Taklakot (Purang) in Tibet
  • Used since ancient times by traders, mendicants and pilgrims transiting between India and Tibet.
  • Links the Byans valley of Uttarakhand, India with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, and forms the last territorial point in Indian territory.
  • The Kailash Mansarovar Yatra, a Hinduism pilgrimage to Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar, traverses this pass.
  • Presently open for cross-border trade every year from June through September.
  • Also known as Qiangla or Tri-Corner is a high altitude mountain pass situated in the western Himalayas with a height of 5,334 metre or 17,500 feet.
  • International mountain pass between India, China and Nepal.