Published on: January 3, 2024



NEWS – Pangolin conservation project has succeeded at Pench Tiger Reserve and Satpura Tiger Reserve


  • Started after 2019, when Three pangolins have been spotted in Satpura Tiger Reserve and eight in Pench Tiger Reserve
  • Launched by Madhya Pradesh with help of Wildlife Conservation Trust, Mumbai
  • Succeeded as the mammals have started breeding here
  • Pangolins are being bred here and will be released in areas suitable for them
  • At present, there is no exact estimate of pangolin population but there are a good number of pangolins in Satpura Tiger Reserve
  • Pangolins are mostly seen areas situated between river and agriculture field. They are also spotted near trees producing sweet fruits like mahua


  • Species of pangolin native to the Indian subcontinent
  • Unique mammals known for their protective keratin scales and are often referred to as “scaly anteaters.”
  • Covered in large, overlapping scales made of keratin, the same protein found in human hair and nails. These scales provide a protective armor against predators
  • When threatened, the pangolin can curl up into a tight ball, with its tough scales acting as a formidable defense mechanism
  • Distributed across the Indian subcontinent, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and parts of Pakistan
  • Inhabit a range of ecosystems, from grasslands and savannas to tropical and subtropical forests
  • Primarily insectivorous, with ants and termites forming the main part of their diet
  • Conservation status:
    • IUCN Red List: Endangered
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I
    • CITES: Appendix I
  • Role in Ecosystem:
    • Play a crucial role in controlling insect populations, particularly ants and termites
    • Indicator of the overall health and biodiversity of its habitat