Published on: January 25, 2023
Why in news? The fifth Scorpene class conventional submarine was commissioned into the Indian Navy as INS Vagir at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai.
- INS Vagir among the six submarines being built by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL), Mumbai, in collaboration with the French M/s Naval Group under Project 75.
- Currently, India has a less-than-ideal number of submarines, with many new ones being at various stages of construction.
What is Project 75I ?
- It is a programme for indigenous construction of submarines which is known to have two separate series of submarine building lines codenamed Project 75 and Project 75I in collaboration with foreign entities.
- It is a diesel-electric attack submarine based on the Scorpene class
- The submarine inherits its name from INS Vagir (S41), served in the Navy from 1973–2001, and was named after a species of sandfish also called as Sand shark
- This class of submarines have Diesel Electric transmission systems and these are primarily attack submarines or ‘hunter-killer’ types which means they are designed to target and sink adversary naval vessels.
- It is commonly called ‘sand shark’
What is its importance in Navy ?
- Vagir will boost the Indian Navy’s capability to further India’s maritime interests and is capable of undertaking diverse missions including anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying and surveillance missions
- Vagir is a Kalvari-class submarine, which includes other vessels, such as the INS Kalvari, INS Khanderi, INS Karanj, INS Vela and INS Vagsheer.
- Kalvari and Khanderi were commissioned in 2017 and 2019, and Vela and Karanj were inducted in 2021.
- Vagir has now been commissioned and Vagsheer was launched in 2022 and is expected to be inducted next year