Published on: July 30, 2023

International Tiger Day

International Tiger Day

Why in news?  International Tiger Day is observed globally on July 29 every year.

 History  of International tiger day

  • International tiger day was first established in 2010 during the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit organized by Global Tiger Initiative
  • The 29th of July was chosen as day because it represents the halfway point between the first and last days of the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit and the ongoing international campaign to rescue tigers

Initiatives  taken to conserve tigers

Project Tiger

  • It is a tiger conservation programme launched on 1973 as centrally sponsored programme aimed at protecting  Bengal tiger in its natural habitats from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

  • It is a statutory body established with the recommendation of the Tiger Task Force under Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • Authority to reorganise the management of Project Tiger and India’s many Tiger Reserves in India.

Global Tiger Council

  • It is led by 13 tiger range countries , an global alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society, for conservation
  • India is one among the 13 tiger range countries
  • 13 Tiger range countries are: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam