Why in news? 48 African countries have agreed to adopt the Kampala Ministerial Declaration on Migration, Environment and Climate Change (KDMECC)
- The declaration address the nexus of human mobility and climate change in the continent.
- Event was co-hosted by the Governments of Kenya and Uganda with support from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
What is the main aim of the declaration ?
- To enabled the African States to develop a common position ahead of the Africa Climate Summit and the Conference of Parties (COP 28).
About the declaration
- Declaration was originally signed and agreed upon by 15 African states in Kampala, Uganda in July 2022.
- The KDMECC-AFRICA is expected to be signed by Member States during the Africa Climate Summit in Nairobi on September 4, 2023.
Why Africa to sign declaration ?
- According to the IOM, Africa is one of the world’s most vulnerable continents to the impacts of climate change.
- Climate change leads to an increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, that has a direct impact on migration in this region.
- As many as 105 million people could become internal migrants within the African continent in a business-as-usual scenario
- It is the capital and largest city of Uganda.
- Kampala is located on the East African Plateau between the two arms of the East African Rift and on the northern limits of Tanzania Craton
- It lies on the shores of lake victoria