Published on: November 11, 2021
MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD
National Education Day of India is celebrated every year on 11 November to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
- Born on 11 November 1888 and died on 22 February 1958.
- Senior Muslim leader of Indian National Congress during Indian independence movement.
- Commonly remembered as Maulana Azad (word Maulana is honorific meaning ‘Our Master’) and he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name.
- First Minister of Education of Independent India.
- Played important role in foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh.
- Rose to prominence through his work as journalist, publishing works critical of British Raj and espousing causes of Indian nationalism.
- As leader of Khilafat Movement, he came into close contact with Mahatma Gandhi.
- Became enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi’s ideas of non-violent civil disobedience and worked to organise the non-co-operation movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Act.
- Committed to Gandhi’s ideals, including promoting Swadeshi (indigenous) products and cause of Swaraj (Self-rule) for India.
- In 1923, at age of 35, he became youngest person to serve as President of Indian National Congress.
- Main organizers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931 and emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.
- Srved as Congress president from 1940 to 1945, during which Quit India rebellion was launched.
- Worked for Hindu-Muslim unity through the Al-Hilal newspaper.