Published on: April 13, 2022
MEGALITHS OF ASSAM
Recently, Archaeologists have identified 65 large sandstone jars (Megaliths) believed to be used for ritual burials across four sites in Hasao district, Assam
WHAT ARE FOUND
- Some jars are tall and cylindrical, while others are partly or fully buried in the ground.
- Some of them spanned up to three metres high and two metres wide. Some of the jars feature decorative carvings, while others are plain.
- The jars of Assam were first sighted in 1929 by British civil servants James Philip Mills and John Henry Hutton, who recorded their presence in six sites in Dima Hasao: Derebore (now Hojai Dobongling), Kobak, Kartong, Molongpa (now Melange Puram), Ndunglo and Bolasan (now Nuchubunglo).
- Two sites were discovered in 2016. In 2020, four more sites were discovered by the History and Archaeology Department at North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya.
- At one site, Nuchubunglo, as many as 546 jars were found which was the largest such site in the world.
- Links could be drawn with the stone jars found in Laos and Indonesia.
- No reported parallel anywhere else in India, apart from the northeast – this points to the fact that once upon a time a group of people having similar kind of cultural practice occupied the same geography between Laos and Northeast India
- Dating done at the Laos site suggests that jars were positioned at the sites as early as the late second millennium BC