Published on: October 14, 2023
Why in news? Noble prizes were announced under different category
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences
- It is awarded to Harvard professor Claudia Goldin for having advanced over understanding of women’s labour market outcome .
- Her work revealed a U-shaped curve in female labour force participation over a 200-year period
- It showed a decline during the transition from agrarian to industrial society in the 19th century and an increase with the growth of the service sector in the 20th century.
- Goldin attributed this pattern to changing social norms and structural shifts.
Nobel Prize in Medicine
- It was jointly awarded to Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman
- They were awarded for the discoveries concerning nucleoside base modification that enabled the development of effective m-rna vaccine against COVID-19
Nobel Prize in Physics
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 2023 was bestowed upon Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz, and Anne L’Huillier
- Their ground-breaking experimental techniques generated attosecond pulses of light, enabling profound studies of electron dynamics in matter, especially in atoms and molecules.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- The 2023 Nobel Prize in Chemistry recognized the work of Moungi G Bawendi, Louis E Brus, and Alexei I Ekimov
- Their discovery were synthesis of quantum dots tiny nanoparticles whose properties depend on their size.
- They are very small crystals with peculiar properties that have found application in a variety of fields, from new-age LED screens to quantum computers.
Nobel Prize in Literature
- Norwegian author Jon Fosse received the Nobel Prize in Literature for his innovative plays and prose, giving voice to the unspoken in a diverse body of work that spans genres, including plays, novels, poetry, essays, children’s books, and translations.
Nobel Peace Prize
- The Nobel Peace Prize for 2023 was awarded to Iranian activist Narges Mohammadi for her relentless fight against the oppression of women in Iran and her unwavering commitment to promoting human rights and freedom.
- Nobel Peace Prize differs in that it is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee and announced in Oslo, while the other Nobel Prizes are revealed in Stockholm.