Published on: September 15, 2023

Phanigiri artefacts

Phanigiri artefacts

Why in news?  The Phanigiri artefacts, belonging to 200 BCE-400 CE was discovered in 1942, and are now on display at New York Metropolitan Museum of Art


  • The display in the exhibition is about “The Tree and Serpent”
  • The thoranas discovered at Phanigiri are very important as they are among the first found south of Sanchi.

What is the significance of Phanigiri Thoranas ?

  • The thorana has a panel that shows both Mahayana and Hinayana school of thought, despite philosophical differences, both the sects co-existed in Phanigiri
  • There is evidence from Phanigiri that shows the deification of Buddha, and transition of historical and spiritual identity
  • It focuses on the early Buddhist art of Southern India and the monograph of the event has the image of the Buddha, wearing like a Roman toga with folds, carved in limestone

About Phanigiri artefacts

  • It is a Buddhist site in Suryapet district, Telangana
  • Site is closely related to the stupa complexes at Amaravati and Nagarjunakonda.
  • The place houses three viharas that once served as the dwelling for the Buddhist monks