Published on: January 3, 2023

Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI

Why in news? Pope Benedict XVI passed away.


About Pope Benedict XVI

  • He was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State 19 April 2005 until his resignation on 28 February 2013
  • Predecessor: John Paul II
  • Successor: Francis
  • Born Name: Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger
  • Embarked on an academic career and established himself as a highly regarded theologian by the late 1950s
  • Appointed Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, one of the most important dicasteries of the Roman Curia
  • Previous post: Dean of the College of Cardinals
  • Religious Views: originally a liberal theologian, but adopted conservative views
  • Revival : several traditions, including elevating the Tridentine Mass.
  • Reintroduced traditional papal vestments, for which reason he was called “the pope of aesthetics”.
  • He was described as “the main intellectual force in the Church” since the mid-1980s.
  • Resignation :First by a pope to voluntary resign since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first on a pope’s initiative since Celestine V in 1294.
  • Motto : ‘Cooperators of the truth’
  • School: Platonism and Augustinism
  • Main interests: Christian theology ecclesiology
  • Notable ideas: Rejection of dehellenization and Hermeneutic of continuity