Published on: February 28, 2022

PULSE POLIO PROGRAMME

PULSE POLIO PROGRAMME

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Karnataka launched Pulse Polio – 2022 campaign, as part of a nationwide drive

buy Lyrica 75 mg PULSE POLIO PROGRAMME

  • India launched the Pulse Polio immunisation programme in 1995
  • Resolution for a global initiative of polio eradication was adopted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 1988
  • Children in the age group of 0-5 years are administered polio drops during national and sub-national immunisation rounds (in high-risk areas) every year

POLIO

  • Highly infectious viral disease
  • Mainly affects young children
  • Virus is transmitted by person-to-person, spread mainly through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common vehicle (e.g. contaminated water or food)
  • Multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.
  • There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.

STATUS OF POLIO IN INDIA

  • Last polio case in the country was reported from Howrah district of West Bengal in January 2011
  • The WHO on February 24, 2012, removed India from the list of countries with active endemic wild polio virus transmission
  • South-East Asia Region of the WHO, of which India is a part, was certified as polio-free