Why in news? Prime Minister launched week-long ‘Sankalp Saptaah’ at Bharat Mandapam for aspirational blocks
- Sankalp Saptaah will be observed in all of the 500 Aspirational Blocks across 329 districts in the country.
- It is for effective implementation of Aspirational Blocks Programme and to prepare an effective block development strategy
- It aims to improve governance at the block level in order to enhance the quality of life of citizens.
- It starts from 3rd October till 9th October 2023
How is the programme is implemented ?
- Chintan shivirs were organised at village and block levels across the country.
- The ‘Sankalp Saptaah’ is a culmination of these chintan shivirs.
- Each day in programme is dedicated to a specific development theme on which all Aspirational Blocks will work.
- Themes include Sampoorna Swasthya(Health), Suposhit Pariwaar(Nutritious family), Swachhta Krishi(Agriculture), Shiksha(Education) and Samridhi Diwas(Prosperity day)
- The last day of the week will be a celebration of the work conducted during the entire week as ‘Sankalp Saptaah – Samavesh Samaroh’.
- Programme stress on optimum utilisation of resources, convergence and public participation for development at the grassroots level.
About Aspirational Block Programme(ABP)
- ABP announced Union Budget 2022-23
- Launched on 2023 by Government of India and is anchored by NITI Aayog.
- It is a nationwide programme focuses on improving governance to enhance the quality of life of citizens in the underdeveloped blocks of India
- Programme will converge existing schemes, defining outcomes, and monitoring them on a constant basis.
- The programme covers 500 blocks across 27 States and 4 Union Territories.
About Aspirational District Programme
- Government of India has launched the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ initiative in 2018 with a vision of a New India by 2022
- It focus is to improve India’s ranking under the Human Development Index (HDI), raising living standards of its citizens and ensuring inclusive growth of all.
- A total of 112 Aspirational Districts (AD) across 27 states have been identified by NITI AAYOG
- Program focuses on the strength of each district, identifying low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement and measuring progress by ranking districts on a monthly basis.
Composite Indicator for selection of district
- Health & Nutrition (30%)
- Education (30%)
- Agriculture & Water Resources (20%)
- Financial Inclusion & Skill Development (10%)
- Basic Infrastructure (10%)
- Convergence (of Central & State Schemes)
- Collaboration (of Central, State level Nodal Officers & District Collectors)
- Competition among districts through monthly delta ranking (available on the Champions of Change Dashboard), in the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism.