Published on: February 24, 2023
Why in news? Shiitake, the premium variety of mushrooms being grown only in a few countries, is now being cultivated in Bengaluru.
- Shiitake mushrooms were imported from Japan and China at exorbitant costs.
- It was domesticated and standardised for cultivation for Indian conditions.
- few north-eastern States like Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh are highly suitable for cultivating shiitake in the natural environment
About Shiitake mushroom
- They are an edible mushroom native to East Asia.
- It is also commonly called “sawtooth oak mushroom“, “black forest mushroom“, “black mushroom” or “golden oak mushroom”.
- Shiitake mushroom grow in groups on the decaying wood of deciduous trees.
- Its natural distribution includes warm and moist climates in Southeast Asia
- Apart from Bengaluru, the cooler climates of Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Udhagamandalam, Coonoor, and Kodaikanal are particularly conducive to its cultivation.
- They are known for their medicinal properties, especially anti-cancer use and cholesterol-reduction ability.
- These varieties are normally grown in a situation where the temperature is below 25°C