Published on: February 24, 2023

Shiitake mushroom

Shiitake mushroom

Why in news? Shiitake, the premium variety of mushrooms being grown only in a few countries, is now being cultivated in Bengaluru.


  • Shiitake mushrooms were imported from Japan and China at exorbitant costs.
  • It was domesticated and standardised for cultivation for Indian conditions.
  • few north-eastern States like Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh are highly suitable for cultivating shiitake in the natural environment

About Shiitake mushroom

  • They are an edible mushroom native to East Asia.
  • It is also commonly called “sawtooth oak mushroom“, “black forest mushroom“, “black mushroom” or “golden oak mushroom”.
  • Shiitake mushroom grow in groups on the decaying wood of deciduous trees.
  • Its natural distribution includes warm and moist climates in Southeast Asia
  • Apart from Bengaluru, the cooler climates of Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Udhagamandalam, Coonoor, and Kodaikanal are particularly conducive to its cultivation.
  • They are known for their medicinal properties, especially anti-cancer use and cholesterol-reduction ability.
  • These varieties are normally grown in a situation where the temperature is below 25°C