Published on: March 16, 2023

Suspension of Operations (SoO) agreement

Suspension of Operations (SoO) agreement

Why in news? Manipur government decided to withdraw from the Suspension of Operations (SoO) agreement with Kuki National Army (KNA) and Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA) )


  • The reason for withdrawal of agreement mainly as two hill-based tribal militant groups(Kuki National Army (KNA) and Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA) )influencing agitation among forest encroachers.

What is the Suspension of Operations pact?

  • It is a ceasefire agreement between government of India with Kuki National Organization (KNO) and the United People’s Front (UPF)
  • The SoO pact was signed on 2008, with the primary objective of initiating political dialogue.
  • The Kuki outfits agreed for ‘Kukiland territorial council’, that would have financial and administrative powers independent of the Manipur Assembly and government.

What are the terms of the SoO pact?

  • While the period of the Suspension of Operation agreement is one year, it is extendable according to the progress of its implementation.
  • To oversee the effective implementation of the SoO pact, a committee called the Joint Monitoring Group (JMG), with representatives from all the signatories, has been formed.
  • The important terms under the pact are that security forces, including state and central forces, are not to launch any operations, nor can the underground groups.
  • The signatories of UPF and KNO shall abide by the Constitution of India, the laws of the land and the territorial integrity of Manipur.
  • Both the groups are prohibited from committing all kinds of atrocities, extortion, among others.
  • The militant cadres are to be confined in designated camps identified by the Government.
  • Arms are deposited in a safe room under a double-locking system. The groups are given arms only to guard their camps and protect their leaders.
  • As a rehabilitation package, the UG cadres living in the designated camps are given a monthly stipend of Rs 5000. Financial assistance is also being provided to maintain the designated camps.