Published on: February 23, 2023

Wayand Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayand Wildlife Sanctuary

Why in news? Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka to begin the first synchronised vulture in Wayanad wildlife sanctuary.


  • Every year the Forest departments in the three States organise separate surveys at different times to count the remaining vulture population in South India.
  • The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, contiguous to the tiger reserves of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka and Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu, is the lone region of vultures thrive in the State.
  • The sanctuary harbours White-rumped vultures and Red-headed vultures.
  • Occasional sightings of Long-billed vultures have also been reported in the sanctuary.
  • Vultures faced a catastrophic population decline during the 2000s when the species was exposed to the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac used as a painkiller for cattle.

About Wayanad wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala.
  • The sanctuary is now an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and comes under project elephant.
  • It is bounded by protected area network of Nagarhole National Park and Bandipur National Park and Mudumalai National Park in Tamil Nadu.
  • Part of the Deccan Plateau and the vegetation is predominantly of the south Indian moist deciduous teak forests.