Published on: December 2, 2021
WORLD AIDS DAY
World AIDS Day is observed across the globe on 1st December every year since 1988.
- Celebrated by UNAIDS
- Theme for the 2021 – “ Ending the HIV Epidemic: Equitable Access, Everyone’s Voice ”
- Entire day is dedicated to people with HIV/AIDS
- Awareness creation campaigns, media events, health walks and marathons by various agencies.
- The ubiquitous global representation of HIV/AIDS is in the form of a crossed red ribbon.
- Volunteers carry out many marches by wearing the red ribbons as a show of support for the victims.
MAHITI FOR PRELIMS
- Deadly condition in which the affected person’s immune system fails, leading to the spread of life-threatening infections and cancers in his body.
- Demolishes a particular type of WBC (White Blood Cells) and the T-helper cells(also known as CD4 cells)
- The average survival period for a person affected without treatment is nine to eleven years, subject to the subtype of HIV.
- Occur by the transference of blood, breast milk, vaginal fluid, semen, or pre-ejaculate.
- A weak immune system makes a person prone to opportunistic infections and cancer.
- It becomes difficult for a person infected with this virus to recover from even a minor injury or sickness. By receiving treatment, a severe form of HIV can be prevented.